Ethiopia

Protection Monitoring Report: IDPs in West Guji Zone - Ethiopia (October - December 2018)

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Overview

By July 2018, over one million persons were displaced in Gedeo Zone (Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region – SNNPR) and West Guji Zone (Oromia Region), due to localized conflict, ethnic tension and insecurity. From August to October 2018, over 330,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) returned to their areas of origin in less than optimal conditions. Due to ongoing safety and security concerns, IDPs settled in collective sites, as it was not possible for all to return home.

In October 2018, UNHCR, OHCHR, UNICEF and UNFPA initiated a joint protection monitoring project, upon request of the Government and EHCT, in order to conduct coordinated community-level protection monitoring of IDP families living in collective sites and return areas in West Guji zone. This report reviews the protection monitoring data collected in West Guji zone from October to December 2018, by the four agencies.

Data is collected utilizing an online Protection Monitoring Tool (PMT) at the community-level, which is complimented by data on the general protection environment and specific protection concerns gathered through key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Additionally, OHCHR utilizes methodological tools on monitoring human rights violations in humanitarian settings.

The purpose of protection monitoring is to collect data on the protection situation, support identification of households and individuals with specific needs requiring referral for protection services and assistance. Individual and group protection needs are regularly shared in protection cluster meeting in Bole Hora and cases are referred to other clusters and government authorities.
Collected protection specific information is critical for advocacy with relevant government and humanitarian actors.