Ethiopia

Protection Monitoring Report: IDPs in West Guji Zone - Ethiopia (January- March 2019)

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Overview

Since 11 April 2018, thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) have been living in collective sites and grouped in spontaneous settlements in host communities across West Guji zone. The displaced population continues to face significant challenges in responding to their needs despite on-going humanitarian interventions due largely to secondary and tertiary displacements.

In West Guji, the protection environment remains fragile. Inter-ethnic tension and clashes as well as military operations by the Ethiopian Defence Forces (EDF) against rebel-Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) persist, causing sustained insecurity. The conflict has exposed the displaced population to heightened protection risks. It has disrupted social structures and basic services making the population more vulnerable to sexual exploitation and abuse as well as illness and financial insecurity.

Protection monitoring is one of the key humanitarian interventions; it involves collecting, verifying and analysing information in order to identify violations of rights, protection threats and risks encountered by IDPs and returnees for the purpose of advocacy as well as informing and facilitating effective responses by humanitarian actors.

This report covers the period of 01 January to 31 March 2019. It outlines key protection issues and challenges faced by the displaced population as well as sector related gaps that were either addressed or referred to relevant agencies/clusters for which a response is in progress. During the reporting period, joint protection monitoring was conducted in West Guji1 zone involving 19 kebeles and 12 collective sites in Kercha, Hambella Wamana and Bule Hora woredas. The monitoring team conducted approximately 38 focus-group discussions in addition to key informant interviews. Additionally, joint missions were organized with other agencies (OCHA, ANE, NRC, UNHCR, OHCHR, IOM and NRC) at woreda and kebele levels for advocacy regarding site improvement and extension, to decongest sites and build sanitation facilities. OCHA, OHCHR and UNHCR also advocated for the reconstruction of a school in Hambela woreda