This report covers the month of April 2019 and outlines key protection issues and challenges faced by the displaced population as well as sector gaps that were either addressed or referred to relevant agencies/clusters for which a response is in progress. During the reporting period, joint protection monitoring was conducted in four woredas in West Guji1 involving 24 kebeles and 11 collective sites.
Protection monitoring is a key humanitarian intervention. It involves collecting, verifying and analysing information in order to identify violations of rights, protection threats and risks encountered by Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees for the purpose of advocacy as well as informing and facilitating effective response by humanitarian actors. Data was gathered using the following methods: key informant interviews (KII), focus group discussions (FDGs) and observation. When persons with specific needs are identified, the protection monitors provide referrals to appropriate services.
At the end of April 2019, the Government announced a return plan for West Guji and Gedeo. Kercha woreda was the first woreda chosen in West Guji zone; the woreda with the largest numbers of persons who had been displaced. Regional and zonal authorities in West Guji zone and Gedeo zones held meetings to discuss the return of 526,0002 IDPs living in both zones within 14 days starting on 24 April 2019. The Orthodox Easter holidays delayed the return plan, but protection monitors immediately started to observe the return situation by visiting areas of return and IDP sites, to monitor the process of return.
The monitoring of this return plan will be reflected in the May report.