Ethiopia

IOM Ethiopia Drought Response Overview (January - May 2022)

Attachments

SITUATION OVERVIEW

Many Regions in Ethiopia are currently experiencing one of the most severe La Niña-induced droughts in recent decades, with more than 8 million people acutely food insecure, and the death of 1.5 million livestock due to drought destroying people’s livelihoods. Nearly 300,000 drought-affected people have migrated in search of water, pasture, or assistance.
IOM’s latest National Displacement Report finds that one out of five displaced persons in Ethiopia are displaced due to the ongoing drought. IOM is responding to the needs of drought-affected communities across Ethiopia.

CAMP COORDINATION AND CAMP MANAGEMENT

IOM is supporting camp management coordination fora, providing tools for data collection, service monitoring, referrals, and other support in camps for the displaced, establishing Community Representative structures for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), and building capacity of CCCM partners.

EMERGENCY SHELTER AND NON-FOOD ITEMS (ESNFIS)

IOM is providing in-kind emergency shelter, essential non-food household items, cash-for-rent, and construction of emergency shelters to displaced drought-affected populations and host communities.

WATER, SANITATION, AND HYGIENE

IOM is providing potable water through emergency water trucking, rehabilitating existing water supply schemes and sanitation facilities, constructing new water supply schemes and sanitation facilities, and procuring and distributing WASH related essential non-food items and water treatment chemicals.

MULTI-PURPOSE CASH TRANSFERS

IOM is providing multi-purpose cash transfer (MPCT) assistance to drought-affected populations in line with the Cash Working Group (CWG) recommendations.

HEALTH

IOM is delivering comprehensive lifesaving primary healthcare and nutrition services, integrating mental health and psychosocial support services and GBV risk mitigation to vulnerable populations in priority areas. IOM is also supporting health facilities through deploying mobile health and nutrition teams.

PROTECTION

IOM is undertaking key protection interventions through targeted assistance for at-risk persons and households, strengthening communitybased protection mechanisms, raising awareness and sharing information on protection risks and accessing key response services, and providing gender-based violence (GBV) response and prevention interventions.

RAPID RESPONSE FUND (RRF)

IOM’s grants-based programme, the Rapid Response Fund (RRF), is supporting local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) through emergency response projects focused on shelter and settlements, essential non-food items, WASH, and CCCM services.

DISPLACEMENT TRACKING MATRIX

IOM’s responses are evidence-based with the IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) collecting and analyzing data through Site Assessments, Village Assessment Surveys (VAS), Flow Monitoring and other tools as well as sharing and disseminating information with humanitarian organizations and the government in support of a concerted effort.
IOM’s National Displacement Report 11 finds that one out of five displaced persons in Ethiopia are displaced due to the ongoing drought.