Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Horn of Africa (ECHO/WWD/BUD/2017/01000) - Last update: 20/03/2017 Version 2
The full implementation of this version of the HIP is conditional upon the necessary appropriations being made available from the 2017 general budget of the European Union.
AMOUNT: 132 250 000 EUR
The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2017/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities). The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.
- MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
First modification as of 20 March 2017 The Horn of Africa is facing severe drought conditions with greatest impact on Somalia (pre famine alert issued on 16/1/2017), Ethiopia (south and south-east) and Kenya (arid and semi-arid lands in the north-east as well as coastal areas). Two months of the current dry season remain before the next rains, which are predicted to be below average. Harvests are not due until June-July.
Early warning information shows emergency levels of food insecurity, water access, malnutrition and livestock conditions, as well as lack of food stocks, and increased cereal prices.
In Somalia, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) is launching an EUR 825 million 'Operational Plan for Pre-famine Scale up of Humanitarian Assistance (Jan. – June 2017)'. The number of people in need has increased drastically to 6.2 million – half of the population. 2.9 million people face food insecurity at crisis (IPC III) or emergency level (IPC IV). 363 000 children are acutely malnourished. If the situation is not responded to urgently, it poses a great risk for the country’s stability and that of its neighbours.
The current situation is comparable to the drought conditions in 2010/11, which led to a famine in Somalia in July 2011 when approximately 750 000 people entered the IPC V (famine) phase, 260 000 people lost their lives and massive displacement across the region occurred.
In Ethiopia, 5.6 million people are in urgent need of food assistance. This number will increase, should the next seasonal rains be below average as it is currently predicted. A further 9.2 million people need access to clean drinking water and basic latrine facilities while 1.9 million people require livelihood support. The Ethiopian government recognised the drought in the margin of the Africa Union summit, requesting support from the international community. The Government lacks fiscal space to respond as robustly as it did during the El Niño crisis.
In Kenya, President Kenyatta declared a "national disaster" on 10 February 2017. The majority of affected population are in arid and semi-arid areas, and face crisis levels of food insecurity. Obstacles for the delivery of Kenya’s humanitarian response remain the sub-optimal implementation of devolution policies (the transfer of funding to counties takes time), and access. A further complicating factor is the very poor conditions in the Coastal areas, traditionally a fall-back area in times of drought.
Approximately 10.7 million people are now in urgent need of food assistance in Somalia (2.9 million), Kenya (2.2 million) and Ethiopia (5.6 million). Somalia is a specific case, with 50% of the population facing food insecurity. Prospects are bleak with belowaverage rains predictions from March to May 2017.
In accordance with the concept of “Early Warning, Early Action”, rapid action is required to prevent another famine in Somalia, a sharp increase in mortality and massive displacement internally and in the region.
To respond to the crisis on a timely basis, the EU mobilised EUR 10 million in December 2016 to start responding to the most urgent needs in Somalia. The 2017 humanitarian funding priorities for the region have been revisited in light of the unfolding crisis. Half of the initial HIP 2017 funding is now allocated to the drought response. However, the scale of the crisis requires additional efforts to avoid the worst to happen.
Given the humanitarian situation described above, the budget of this HIP is increased by EUR 65 000 000 to scale up the current humanitarian response in the three affected countries. The additional funds will support humanitarian partners already responding to the needs of the drought-affected populations in Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya.
Emergency food assistance and treatment of malnutrition will be prioritized, together with support to projects addressing water supply (emergency and sustainable systems) and livestock protection, the main source of livelihood across large swathes of the drought-affected area. The use of multipurpose cash transfers (MPCT) will be favored whenever possible to meet basic needs. In Somalia, harmonized MPCT with a common donor approach should be followed and cash should be provided in an unconditional way to the neediest population (IPC III and IV) as a priority. Regional approaches and responses across the various countries affected will be considered as an asset.