New official figures show that British aid to several conflict-hit East African countries is being slashed by a half or more despite the Foreign Office describing the region as having "clear national strategic interest" for the UK. The cuts affect countries including Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia and South Sudan.
As well as conflict, the countries affected suffer from humanitarian crises and the effects of climate change. The Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, responsible for British aid, says all of these challenges are "priority" areas for targeting UK aid.
Last year, the then-Foreign Secretary wrote to the International Development Committee -- the body that scrutinises UK on behalf of Parliament -- to state that direct country-to country (or 'bilateral') UK aid would be provided where the UK's economic, security and development interests align.
It is widely accepted by development professionals and diplomats that human development and security often go hand in hand. The attribution of development aid and the deployment of security assistance, to promote stability, are often linked.
East Africa is described by the Foreign Office as a region "where the UK has a long history of engagement, a unique role". In at least two of the countries affected by the severe aid cuts -- Kenya and neighbouring Somalia -- the British army conducts military training of local forces.
In the case of Somalia, a full-scale war against extremism has been taking place for over a decade. In Mozambique, in recent years, an extremist group has caused widespread unrest in the north of the country. Both countries suffer from displacement of civilians and extreme development challenges.
However, figures for direct ('bilateral') UK aid show the following cuts:
Country: 2020/2021 Financial Year Allocation (£m) : 2020/2021 Financial Year Allocation (£m)
Ethiopia: 240.5 : 107.6
Sudan: 142.6 : 62.2
South Sudan: 135.3 : 68.4
Somalia: 121.1 : 71.2
Tanzania: 89.2 : 28.5
Kenya: 67.3 : 41.0
Mozambique: 51.0 : 28.4
Source: Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office, Annual Report and Accounts 2020-21
The Chair of the International Development Committee -- which scrutinises UK aid on behalf of Parliament -- Sarah Champion MP said:
"This is outrageous and hypocritical. These cuts completely undermine the stated objectives of the government that say East Africa is a priority region for aid.
"The region is suffering from a series of acute humanitarian crises, together with ongoing complex development challenges. These are exacerbated by conflict and the impact of climate change. UK aid is needed more than ever.
"What's more, the government has just completed a major review of its strategic security and foreign policies. That was supposed to reassure us it has a grip on these things.
"But where is the strategy here? Where is the rationale? We call these countries 'priorities' for UK aid, and in some cases even send our troops to help train their security forces. Then we turn round and slash the development money they get. It just doesn't make any sense".
NOTES FOR EDITORS
The quotes attributed to the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office above, on the priorities for UK aid, are partly contained in a letter dated April 21, 2021 from the then-Foreign Secretary, Dominic Raab MP, to the Chair of the International Development Committee, Sarah Champion MP. The letter was published by the International Development Committee here.
The full details of the Foreign Office aid figures can be found here.
Committee membership: Sarah Champion MP, Chair (Lab, Rotherham), Richard Bacon MP (Con, South Norfolk), Brendan Clarke-Smith MP (Con, Bassetlaw), Theo Clarke MP (Con, Stafford), Pauline Latham OBE MP (Con, Mid Derbyshire), Chris Law MP (SNP, Dundee West), Ian Liddell-Grainger MP (Con, Bridgwater and West Somerset), Navendu Mishra MP (Lab, Stockport), Kate Osamor MP (Lab, Edmonton), Dr Dan Poulter MP (Con, Central Suffolk and North Ipswich), Mr Virendra Sharma MP (Lab, Ealing, Southall).
Specific Committee Information: email@example.com 020 7219 1223
Media information/interview bids: Mark Doyle firstname.lastname@example.org / 07842 601500
Committee Website: www.parliament.uk/indcom
Follow us on Twitter @commonsIDC & Tweeting on #DFIDScrutiny
Data protection: The personal information you supply will be processed in accordance with the provisions of the General Data Protection Regulation and the Data Protection Act 2018. Full details of how your data will be used can be found here. You may unsubscribe from this mailing list at any time.