According to FEWSNET, the ongoing La Niña is forecast to drive poor performance of the Gu rains over much of the Horn of Africa, especially in pastoral areas of Somali Region and Southern Oromia. International, regional, and national forecasts indicate below-average rainfall is likely between March and May 2018 in South Eastern Ethiopia, and Kenya following three poor rainy seasons.
Climatic shocks, conflict, insecurity and political instability continue to drive humanitarian needs in the Horn of Africa. While food insecurity decreased in January 2018, needs remain high with 2.7 million (Somalia) 2.4 million (Kenya) and 7.9 million (Ethiopia) people in need of food and humanitarian assistance.
The number of moderately acutely malnourished children under the age of 5 has reached 328,000 in Kenya, 301,000 in Somalia and 3.5 million in Ethiopia. Children who are severely malnourished has reached 71,500 in Kenya, 48,000 in Somalia and 350,000 in Ethiopia.
Since mid-March, approximately 10,000 people have fled from the Oromia region of Ethiopia into Marsabit County in Northern Kenya after a clash between the military and regional authorities. More than 80% of people who fled to Kenya are women and children, nearly 1500 are under the age of 5. There are also over 600 expectant mothers.
Despite the number of Acute Water Diarrhoea cases decreasing towards the end of 2017, outbreaks have been reported in parts of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. The total number of affected people since January 2018 currently stands at 2,444. Measles cases have also been on the rise with Ethiopia reporting 552, Somalia 2,853 and Kenya 24 cases.
The Government of Ethiopia and UN presented the 2018 humanitarian and disaster resilience plan seeking USD 1.6 billion to support 7.88 million people affected by drought, floods and conflict with emergency and humanitarian assistance. In January, Somalia requested a funding of USD 1.5 billion in the 2018 humanitarian response plan.