Horn of Africa Climate Crisis, Regional Summary #13 (June/July 2018)
15.8M People facing food insecurity
4.1M People displaced
16.3M People affected by drought in the region
1M People affected by floods
According to the Dartmouth Flood Observatory, three major flood events (1 in 10–20-year events) occurred between August and September 2006 in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya. Around 180,000 people were displaced and tens of thousands of hectares of cropland were destroyed. Flooding during the third quarter of 2018 rainy season is expected to cause similar levels of displacement and crop damage.
Oxfam is responding to flood affected families in Turkana and Wajir counties in Kenya. Cash distributions are ongoing to 1250 HHs in Turkana and 600 HHs in Wajir. The total number of people reached by Oxfam flood response is estimated to be 38,788. This is the third rapid response that the Kenya team has been involved in this year.
The total number of moderately acutely malnourished children under the age of 5 currently stands at 3.5 million in Ethiopia, 328,000 in Kenya and 301,000 in Somalia while the number of severely malnourished children is at 350,000 in Ethiopia, 71,500 in Kenya and 48,000 in Somalia.
Conflict-induced displacement is expected to continue disrupting food and income access among IDPs and drive increased humanitarian assistance needs. In Ethiopia, 1.4 million new internal displacements have already been recorded, surpassing both Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Somalia and South Sudan too are among the 10 worst-affected countries for new displacement.
The number of cholera and acute watery diarrhoea (AWD) cases in the region more than doubled from 5,000 at the end of April 2018 to 11,400 at the end of June 2018, exacerbated by floods. Overall, the number of AWD cases reported in 2018 is significantly lower compared to the same period in 2017.
In Somalia, ECHO proposal has been secured for EUR 1.9 million. Oxfam Ethiopia signed a grant agreement with ECHO worth EUR 2.5 million in July 2018. In Kenya, SIDA funding was secured under Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) worth USD 250,000 to support emergency response to flood affected communities in Tana North.