Ethiopia

FAO Ethiopia Situation Report – February 2016

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Humanitarian needs in Ethiopia have tripled since the beginning of 2015 as one of the strongest El Niño events on record has caused severe drought, leading to successive crop failures and widespread livestock deaths. The drought started in early 2015 with unfavourable belg rains (March–May) and continued with late and erratic kiremt rains (July–September), which produce 85 percent of Ethiopia’s food. Crop harvests were well below average and failed in several areas.

Food insecurity and malnutrition rates are alarming. Insufficient access to and availability of food has driven humanitarian needs to near-unprecedented levels. The current situation requires simultaneous and immediate scaling up of multisectoral lifesaving and livelihood support along with investment in resilience building efforts in the most affected and at-risk areas.

The El Niño-induced drought is not just a food crisis — above all, it is a livelihood crisis. Over 80 percent of the population depends on agriculture for their food and income – significant production losses have severely diminished households’ food security and purchasing power, forcing many to sell their remaining agricultural assets and abandon their livelihoods.

Meeting immediate needs is integral to longer-term recovery. To safeguard and build the resilience of agriculture-based livelihoods, urgent support is required to enable families to resume production and improve their ability to withstand future droughts and climate-related disasters.

MAIN HIGHLIGHTS

  • 10.2 million people are food insecure – if the belg rains fail, this number is expected to increase exponentially by March.

  • 2.2 million farmers and herders need immediate humanitarian agricultural production support.

  • Crop production has dropped by 50–90% in some areas and failed completely in others. Seed reserves are critically low and the number of households requiring seed support has nearly doubled.

  • Hundreds of thousands of drought-related livestock deaths reported in Afar and Somali Regions.

  • FAO needs USD 50 million to assist 1.8 million people through coordinated support to agriculture and livestock production, and resilience-building interventions. Of this, USD 10 million is urgently needed by March to help farmers meet the meher season.

Ethiopia Situation Report - Ferbuary 2016

CHALLENGES FACING AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY

OVERVIEW AND KEY MESSAGES

Humanitarian needs in Ethiopia have tripled since the beginning of 2015 as one of the strongest El Niño events on record has caused severe drought, leading to successive crop failures and widespread livestock deaths. The drought started in early 2015 with unfavourable belg rains (March–May) and continued with late and erratic kiremt rains (July–September), which produce 85 percent of Ethiopia’s food. Crop harvests were well below average and failed in several areas.

Food insecurity and malnutrition rates are alarming. Insufficient access to and availability of food has driven humanitarian needs to near-unprecedented levels. The current situation requires simultaneous and immediate scaling up of multisectoral lifesaving and livelihood support along with investment in resilience building efforts in the most affected and at-risk areas.

The El Niño-induced drought is not just a food crisis — above all, it is a livelihood crisis. Over 80 percent of the population depends on agriculture for their food and income – significant production losses have severely diminished households’ food security and purchasing power, forcing many to sell their remaining agricultural assets and abandon their livelihoods.

Meeting immediate needs is integral to longer-term recovery. To safeguard and build the resilience of agriculture-based livelihoods, urgent support is required to enable families to resume production and improve their ability to withstand future droughts and climate-related disasters.