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Ethiopia - Tigray Region Humanitarian Update Situation Report, 3 May 2021

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HIGHLIGHTS

Humanitarian partners continue the scale-up effort to reach all people in need in Tigray; but the response is not commensurate to the needs.

Nearly six months into the conflict, most rural areas remain cut from communications and electricity, impacting access to health services and water supply among others.

Three Food operators are providing food assistance to food insecure people in the region.

Humanitarian partner continue to scale-up response to Gender-Based Violence, including identification and support to survivors

US$427 million have been allocated to respond to the crisis as of 20 April

Situation Overview

The complex and unpredictable security situation is impeding the freedom of humanitarian movement to reach people in need, while civilians continue to bear the brunt of the conflict with ongoing forced displacement to towns like Shire, Axum and Adwa. The main road between Adigrat and Axum was blocked from 10 to 22 April due to hostilities, impacting several humanitarian convoys, including emergency food aid, as well as the provision of medical supplies to Axum and Adwa Hospitals. Humanitarian partners were forced to travel to Gondar (Amhara) and drive through Mai-Ttsebri to transport supplies to Shire. Also, partners were reportedly unable to mobilize assistance beyond Maychew town in Southern Zone during the reporting period [17-23 April] and food trucks were unable to reach Ofla and Neqsege Woredas. The Mekelle-Abi Adi-Shire route remain closed due to insecurity.
Nearly six months into the conflict, most rural areas in Tigray remain cut off from communications and electricity, impacting access to health services and water supply among others. Furthermore, disrupted communications in North Western, Central and some parts of Eastern and South Eastern Zones is causing a delay in reporting and the monitoring of progress of distribution of aid.

Looking at the humanitarian impact of the conflict, food insecurity remains dire. Nutrition partners continue to express grave concern of malnutrition particularly among young children and pregnant and breastfeeding women. The population’s access to health care remains limited. Movement restrictions due to insecurity prohibited mobile health and nutrition teams (MHNTs) to access several areas. Provision of adequate shelter for the estimated 1.7 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) across the region is amongst the humanitarian response priorities. So far, shelter cluster partners have only reached 285,000 people – that’s only 10 per cent of the targeted population.

In a statement released on 23 April, the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-based Violence in Emergencies (Call to Action on GBV) expressed its concerns about the ongoing reports of gender-based violence, including sexual violence, in Tigray. The statement said “GBV is notoriously under-reported due to the fear of stigmatization or retaliation, limited access to trusted service providers and impunity for perpetrators.” They called for prioritization of GBV prevention and response; ensuring GBV risks are identified and mitigation actions are resourced across all sectors; placing the safety and well-being of women and girls front and center in the delivery of assistance; and allocating resources for an immediate and sustained scale-up of GBV prevention and response services.
Similarly, while recognizing the Government of Ethiopia’s efforts to provide assistance and increased access, the UN Security Council recognized in a statement on 22 April that humanitarian challenges remain and called for a scaled-up humanitarian response and unfettered humanitarian access to all people in need.

Please see details on ongoing responses and gaps under the “Humanitarian Preparedness and Response” section below.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.