Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Summary of nutritional assessment result conducted in Gode woreda, May-June 2000


World Vision’s emergency operation in Gode dates back to April 21, 2000 when it started operation by providing medical and nutritional treatment for severely malnourished children in the pediatrics ward of Gode Hospital, and distributing supplementary food to children under five years of age, pregnant and lactating mothers in the whole of Gode woreda.
In order to make a thorough mapping of the nutrition needs of Gode woreda, weights and heights of children under five years of age were measured during the regular supplementary food distribution. The objective of the assessment was to assess the extent and severity of malnutrition in the woreda.

Methodology

Total sampling of all children 6-59 months of age were used for the survey and a total of 3863 children were measured. The survey was conducted by two teams, each having five members (two nurses and three CHWs). It was supervised by a senior nurse with extensive experience in nutrition. A suspended scale of 25 Kg capacity graduated at 0.100 Kg was used for weighing infants and children. Every morning the scale was checked for its accuracy. The scale reading was taken to the nearest 0.1 Kg. Length measurement on lying position was taken for children less than two years of age and height was taken for children 2-5 years of age. The reading was taken to the nearest 0.5 cm. Data was analyzed manually and the result is presented in terms of percentage of the international reference median.

Survey Finding

The weight of each child is compared with that of a reference child of the same height/length using tables of reference values (WHO/ NCHS). The result is expressed as percentage of the reference value.

A total of 3863 children aged 6-59 months of age were weighed and measured in 28 villages of Gode woreda. In addition, 298 lactating, 147 pregnant women and 70 elderly people were included in the registration for supplementary food distribution. However, this group of people was not included in the analysis of the result. The rate of global malnutrition (WFH < 80%) for the whole of the woreda is 39.4%. Fedewin, Areadey, Bare, Armale and Harwin have rates in the range of 20 - 30%, while it is 52% and 53% in Hadawe and Rarale with 63 (7.6%) and 36 (8.1%) cases of severe malnutrition respectively (see table below).