The Shelter Cluster has been active in Ethiopia since 2008. The three-years Shelter/NFI Cluster Strategy for Ethiopia is intended to guide interventions for Shelter Cluster members until the end of 2021. It recognizes that contexts across Ethiopia are both changeable and highly specific, with unique needs per location. At the time of the revision, there are 1.7 million IDPs in Ethiopia, and so far, 1.3 million have returned to their place of origin.
Previous experience shows that there is a high likelihood of further displacement due to either climate or conflict-induced. As a result, the strategy includes consideration of shelter preparedness, response, and shelter recovery support to account for both returns and secondary displacement.
The strategy has been developed with the input of government and other stakeholders, including linked clusters and partners. It recognizes that shelter assistance will increasingly need to be conducted in close coordination with multi-sectoral stakeholders to ensure that approaches are integrated, and that broader needs are addressed. It is based on the understanding that shelter and NFI interventions must include better integration with government and civil society.
The strategy holds the protection of affected populations at its core. Core principles are to be mainstreamed throughout shelter and NFI operations:
Do no harm: prioritizing health, privacy, safety, and dignity
Management of expectations
Ensuring meaningful access to affected populations
Participation and empowerment of affected people
It includes a breadth of response options, including in-kind assistance, cash and markets assistance, integrated programming with shelter construction and rehabilitation activities and a strong focus on Housing, Land and Property, capacity building of staff, national authorities, civil society and affected populations and advocacy for those with shelter and household needs.
The strategy articulates the Shelter Cluster's goal, objectives, and available response options, covering a range of situations across Ethiopia. This includes new emergency displacements and disasters, care, and maintenance of shelter for people in protracted displacements and supporting sustainable returns and recovery where the context allows, and it is safe to do so.
This strategy does not include refugee populations and is to be implemented in parallel with the Ethiopia Country Refugee Response Plan (ECRRP) 2019-2021.