Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Humanitarian Response Situation Report No. 10 (as at 31 March 2017)

Format
Situation Report
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Originally published

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A product of the Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group (DRMTWG)

This report has been prepared under the auspices of the Federal Disaster Risk Management Technical Working Group, co-chaired by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and OCHA with participation of Sector Co-Chairs (Government Line Ministries and Cluster Coordinators). It covers the period from 01 to 31 March 2017.

Highlights

  • Ethiopia’s humanitarian context is rapidly evolving due to deepening drought, meher harvest loss from frost and the spread of disease outbreaks, including AWD. The gravity of the situation has surpassed the needs identified in the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document in January.

  • The Government and humanitarian partners are working to further improve the ongoing integrated multisector response in affected areas, amidst funding gap.

  • The Government has deployed some 1000 national health professionals drawn from the Federal Ministry of Health, Amhara, Harari and Tigray regions and Dire Dawa City Administration to Somali region to support the regional government’s Emergency Health Response Plan.

  • Further increase of needs is expected in the coming months according to weather forecast of poor spring rains this year.

  • A revised relief food beneficiary figure will soon be released, according to the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC)

Situation Overview

Ethiopia’s humanitarian context has already surpassed needs identified in the 2017 HRD Ethiopia’s humanitarian context is quickly changing and the gravity of the situation today has already surpassed the needs identified in the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) released on 17 January.
Reports indicate that several regional governments are already providing assistance to an additional caseload beyond the HRD. According to Oromia regional officials for example, 1.1 million people are receiving food assistance, in addition to the 2 million HRD beneficiaries in the region. Similarly in SNNPR, at least 122,000 people are receiving food beyond the HRD caseload. The surges in need are partly attributed to meher harvest loss due to frost in Borena, East Hararge Guji, West Guji and lowlands of Bale zones of Oromia region and South Omo zones of SNNP region.

Poor belg rain indications in belg-receiving areas as per forecast – a further increase of needs expected A further increase of needs is expected in the coming months given the weather forecast of poor spring rains this year. Although good rains were reported in many drought-hit woredas over the past week, they were late in onset - by three weeks on average – and are projected to be erratic and to cease early. The rains have not yet started in some areas, including in Afder, Shebelle and majority of Liben zones of Somali region. There is an 85 per cent probability of poor spring rains in the southern rainfall belt/the current drought belt and an 80 per cent probability of normal to below normal rains in the north eastern rainfall belt. This would necessitate a prolongation of the response until at least October, including water trucking and provision of animal feed in pastoralist and agro pastoralist areas. In addition, decreasing purchasing power related to rising food price is likely to contribute to a further deterioration of vulnerable households’ food security. According to Ethiopia’s Central Statistics Agency, Ethiopia’s food price inflation rose to 9.6 per cent in March up from 7.8 per cent in February and 5.0 per cent in January.

A Humanitarian Response Monitoring/‘call around’ exercise – jointly led by the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) and UNOCHA – was conducted between 17 and 28 March to gage the current response effectiveness and determine the likely scope of the deteriorating humanitarian context.

Preliminary results confirm that the belg rains were late in onset in most belg-receiving areas, and their performance erratic. The final result of this exercise is currently being consolidated. A light pre-belg assessment is also under consideration. A revised relief food beneficiary figure will soon be released, according to NDRMC.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.