Ethiopia Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 38 | 2 - 15 October 2017
A “National Integrated Food-Cash Relief Plan” was released on 5 October in an effort to streamline the ongoing humanitarian response in line with the new approach to food/cash relief assistance.
The Government and partners are developing an ‘HRD Status Update’, highlighting all outstanding 2017 HRD MYR requirements against revised sector requirements to address new needs since August.
The Government and humanitarian partners have jointly conducted several verification assessments in areas affected by the OromiaSomali community conflict to gauge the scale of the emergency and identify the scope of humanitarian needs.
The Government and humanitarian partners are pursuing multi-purpose, unconditional cash-based assistance for the conflictdisplaced population in Oromia and Somali regions where assessments confirm the viability of this modality.
The UN Country teams of Ethiopia and Kenya have committed to support both governments in the implementation of the “joint Cross-Border Integrated Program for Sustainable Peace and Socio-economic Transformation: Marsabit County, Kenya, and Borana and Dawa zones,
As of 30 September, Ethiopia was sheltering 883,546 registered refugees and asylum seekers, making it the second largest refugeehosting country in Africa.
Government releases the National Integrated
Food-Cash Relief Plan for SeptemberDecember 2017 A “National Integrated Food-Cash Relief Plan” was released on 5 October in an effort to align ongoing humanitarian responses with the new approach to food/cash relief assistance and the planned increase of cash-based assistance, where markets allow. The Plan represents an integrated and prioritized approach to delivering relief food and cash to the 8.5 million relief beneficiaries identified in the Humanitarian Requirements Document MidYear Review (HRD MYR), and the 4 million people who had been ‘public works clients’ of the six-months (January-June) Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) identified as requiring continued assistance to the end of the year.
The Plan proposed a) eight relief food rounds for 2017, instead of the initially planned nine rounds, b) full pulse ration for all beneficiaries depending on stock availability, c) increased proportion of the planned cash-based assistance, which lowers operational costs, and d) nutritional support to be provided using a combination of other approaches, including Blanket Supplementary Feeding, Target Supplementary Feeding and through the mobile health and nutrition teams, instead of the standard procedure of including corn soya blend (fortified food) in the HRD relief basket. These interventions will prioritize children under-5 and pregnant and lactating women.
HRD sector requirements adjusted based on the changing humanitarian context
The Government and partners are developing an ‘HRD Status Update’, highlighting all outstanding 2017 HRD MYR requirements against revised sector requirements. The revision takes into account new needs since the release of the HRD MYR in early August, including a) the increase in internally displaced people, which increased the risk of acute watery diarrhea outbreak and the need for ES/NFI and WaSH interventions among others,
b) the deterioration of the nutrition situation necessitating the introduction of Blanket Supplementary Feeding Program in 45 critically drought-affected districts in seven zones of Somali region, c) reports of crop failure in eastern Amhara, most parts of Oromia and SNNP regions due to frost and failed rains necessitating seed support for replanting, and d) funding for the prevention and control of Fall Armyworm infestation.
While this update adjusts the overall HRD requirements, the strategic objectives and other contents of the HRD MYR remain the same, and the HRD is still the common plan and implementation framework to address humanitarian needs in Ethiopia in 2017.
Government and partners are conducting several joint assessments to gauge the scope of needs of the conflict-affected people
The Government and humanitarian partners have jointly conducted several verification assessments in areas affected by the Oromia-Somali community conflict to identify the scope of humanitarian needs. Several additional assessments are also planned to be conducted in the coming days, where security permits. Although verification assessments were conducted in Dire Dawa, Harar and several areas of Oromia region (Bale, East and West Hararge, Guji, Borena and Moyale) by different agencies, access to the Somali region remains difficult notably to Dawa and Liben zones. To date, two multi-sector assessments were conducted in Maaiso and Qoloji site. Several additional verification and market assessments (for cash-based assistance) are planned. (See table below. Source: OCHA).
Meanwhile, the Government and partners continue to provide multi-sector assistances to the displaced people in both regions. So far, the Government, through the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) has provided 16,000 metric tons (MT) of food for the displaced people. This food was taken as loan from the sixth round relief food stock, which NDRMC plans to restock with the expected relief food shipment in the coming days.
The Emergency Shelter and Non-Food Items (ES/NFI) Cluster, in coordination with the WaSH Cluster, is distributing ES/NFI kits or the equivalent in cash based on assessment results. To date, ICRC has distributed 3,000 partial kits in Harar and East Hararge zone of Oromia region, and 1,935 full kits in East Hararge zone of Oromia; the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) distributed 900 kits in Fik zone, Somali region, and IOM distributed 1,200 kits in Dawe Kashan, Bale zone, Oromia region. Upcoming activities include the distribution of 830 ICRC kits by the Ethiopian Red Cross in Fafan zone, Somali; the distribution of 650 kits by IRC in West Hararge zone and 642 kits in East Hararge zone, Oromia region; distribution of 2,500 cash grants to IDPs in Qoloji, Somali region by IOM and NRC; distribution of 1,250 kits in Maaiso, Somali region by IOM; distribution of 700 kits by NRC in Fik zone,Somali region,; and the distribution of 7,000 cash grants in the Hararges notably by IOM and Care.
Health partners are also supporting the Federal and Regional Health authorities address health risks and outbreaks amongst the displaced population, including reported AWD cases in Fafan zone of Somali region responded to by the Regional Health Bureau, WHO and Oxfam. Given heightened protection concerns in displacements settings, humanitarian partners are increasingly working to scale up protection interventions.
At the federal level, the response to the conflict-induced displacements continues to be coordinated through the NDRMC-chaired DRM Focus Group forum. Co-chaired by UNOCHA, this forum regularly meets twice a week at NDRMC in the presence of cluster coordinators, donors and Line Ministries. At regional level, response coordination is conducted through regular humanitarian response coordination channels.