Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Humanitarian Bulletin - 29 Dec 2008

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HUMANITARIAN SITUATION UPDATE

Food Security Update

The first part of the FAO Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) indicated that meher crop performance is good in the western parts of the country, and harvest could be average especially for the main crop growing areas notes WFP. However, teff production is likely to be below average due to the effect of the unseasonal rains received during October/early November. Harvest prospects are below average in the eastern half of the country. FAO has completed the first phase of CFSAM and the third phase of WFP/FAO CFSAM, combining the FAO crop part and the meher needs, is expected in mid January 2009. In addition, prices of basic food commodities continue to decline as supply to markets increased. Slight increases in prices of cereals were recorded in some markets of Tigray Region as well as Sidama and Dawro zones. However, the prices are still very high as compared to same time last year.

Furthermore, according to the November issue of the Regional Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Bureau/Save the Children UK report, Aysha woreda of Shinile zone; Segeg and Barmil woredas of Fik zone and southern and eastern areas of Harshin and Jijiga zones in Somali Region reportedly continue to face food and water shortages coupled with poor livestock conditions and productivity. Despite the distribution of relief food in some areas, continued shortage of cereals in markets is resulting in shortage of food in most parts of Fik, Degehabur, Korahe and Warder zones.

In response to continued water shortages, water trucking has continued in Elidaar, Kori, Bidu and Erebti woredas of Afar while water rationing had commenced in three kebeles of Chinaksen woreda, Somali Region. Reports also indicate that OXFAM-GB is implementing a Humanitarian Response Fund (HRF) funded water and sanitation project in Shinile and Aysha woredas mainly involving construction and maintenance of water sources. For more information contact: info@dppc.gov.et & wfp.addisababa@wfp.org

Food Aid

Amid growing demands for food aid in the predominantly eastern parts of the country, Relief, Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) and Targeted Supplementary Feeding (TSF) resources remain short by 588,500 MT at the value of US$ 508.5 million for 2009. Currently in-country free/committed stock with WFP and Disaster Management and Food Security Sector (DMFSS) stands at 17,710 MT while current stocks of Ethiopian Food Security Reserve Administration (EFSRA) amounts 82,382 MT as of 22 December 2008. Meanwhile, a total of 167,582 MT shipments of mixed commodities comprising 130,279 MT of cereals; 5,000 MT of pulses; 25,546 MT of blended food and 7,757 MT of oil are expected to arrive in country between December 2008 and March 2009. Shortage of resources has resulted in reduced food rations, applied since July 2008 and exclusion of pulses and oil from November 2008 food rations.

WFP reports that the Government has concluded November allocations for Afder and Liben zones of Somali Region; however, dispatches to Amhara, Oromiya, Tigray and other parts of Somali Regions are on-going. Under WFP's hubs and spokes system in Somali Region, a total of 17,360 MT of food commodities was dispatched; 13,771 MT delivered; and 9,151 MT distributed to beneficiaries. Food dispatches for September under PSNP are 88 percent for Afar, 62 percent for Amhara, 100 percent for SNNP, and 96 percent for Oromiya Regions. Under the TSF program, 803 MT of blended food and oil was provided to 53,796 beneficiaries in Oromiya, SNNP, Tigray and Somali Regions between 11 to 16 December 2008. With the exception of Somali Region, beneficiaries in other regions received half rations due to resource constraints. For more information contact: wfp.addisababa@wfp.org

HEALTH UPDATE

The spread of Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) has reportedly decreased as no new cases have been reported in the past five weeks according to reports from the Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH). The national cumulative cases of the epidemic reported during 1st January to 14th December 2008 amounts to 3,804 cases from 54 woredas of six regions and Addis Ababa Municipality. Out of these woredas 25 are in Amhara, 14 in Oromiya, eight in Tigray, two in Afar, three in SNNP, one in Somali Regions and one in Addis Ababa municipality. WHO further reports that the epidemic has been controlled in 51 woredas, while SNNP and Afar Regions continue to be vulnerable to AWD: WHO in close collaboration with FMOH and Regional Health Bureaus (RHBs) are closely monitoring the situation.

Meanwhile, WHO continues to provide technical support for regions to strengthen surveillance, early warning system, assessment of AWD response, and on job training of health workers to improve the quality of AWD management. For more information contact: who-wro@et.afro.who.int

Contributions are welcome. Please submit to UN OCHA by Thursday 16:30hrs, Email: ocha-eth@un.org

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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