Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Humanitarian Bulletin 10 Nov 2008

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HUMANITARIAN SITUATION

Although the current unseasonable rains contribute to improved water and pasture availability in the pastoralist and agro-pastoralist areas, the rains are anticipated to adversely impact crop yields in some cropping areas of eastern and central Oromiya, Amhara, Tigray and SNNP regions mainly in the mid and lowlands, where crops are ready for harvest, WFP reports. Meanwhile, the food security situation in SNNPR and some parts of Oromiya has improved due to ongoing harvest and continued humanitarian interventions. The food security situation in some lowlands of West and East Hararghe in Oromiya Region, however, continues to be of concern. There are reports of decrease in the portion and quality of meals, increased sale of livestock, and rising abnormal labour migration. The food security situation in the drought affected areas in Afar Region also continued to deteriorate. In Tigray Region, water shortage for both human and livestock consumption continued to be reported in the nine eastern and southern woredas affected by poor belg and meher rains. According to UNICEF and WFP, the most affected woredas include Raya Azebo and Hintalo Wajirat, Atsbi Wonberta, Gulo Mekeda, Sease Tseada Emba, Alamata, Erob, and Tanqua Abergele

Meanwhile, the multi-agency seasonal assessment has commenced in Tigray Region. The assessment will continue in the remaining cropping and Afar Region on 17 November and in Somali Region on December 02. A briefing session for the assessment teams is tentatively scheduled on 14 November at the DMFSS. For more information contact: ocha-eth@un.org & wfp.addisababa@wfp.org.

Nutrition Update: During the week, a total of 3,090 new admissions to the therapeutic feeding programmes were reported from five regions - SNNPR, Oromia, Tigray, Amhara and Somali. No reports were received from Afar region. The slight increase in the admission rate is attributed to increase in the number of TFP sites that submit reports in Oromiya region. The nutrition technical review committee is reviewing emergency nutrition proposal for Tigray and Amhara hotspot woredas for possible HRF funding, as part of the effort to enhance interventions in hotspot woredas with low coverage of life saving emergency nutrition interventions. Meanwhile, the Oromiya Regional bureau in collaboration with UNICEF commenced an Enhanced Outreach Strategy for Child Survival targeting more than 5 million under five children and approximately 1.2 million pregnant and nursing women.

Two rapid assessments were conducted in Afar region in Eldaar and Belhare woredas by MSF Holland, while Samaritan Purse conducted similar assessments in Semulobi woreda. Results of the assessment are expected to be finalized in the coming week. A Preliminary report of a standard nutrition assessment conducted in Kewot woreda, North Shoa Zone in Amhara region was submitted to ENCU for plausibility quality check, which will be circulated then after. For more information contact: orlao@dppc.gov.et

Food: During the period 27th October and 2nd November, 521 mt of blended food have been provided to 33,498 people, of whom 15,144 individuals in Somali Region and 18,354 others in Amhara. The total shortfall for relief and TSF programmes until the end of 2008 stands at 86,169 mt valued at US$75.2 million of which 78,299 mt is for Relief and 7,785 mt for TSF. The requirements under PSNP for 2008 are met. For 2009, foreseen shortfalls over the first quarter amount to 371,416 mt valued at US$313.6 million. The breakdown by activities is as follows: 282,807 mt (i.e. US$ 244.3 million) for Relief; 79,218 mt (i.e. US$ 68.4 million) for PSNP and 9,391 mt (i.e. US$8.1 million) for TSF. The requirements will be further revised based on the findings of the multi-agency emergency assessment. For more information contact: wfp.addisababa@wfp.org

HEALTH UPDATE

Although the number of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) cases significantly decreased during the week, risk factors such as inadequate safe water supply, poor sanitation coverage and hygiene practice remain. Presently only 12 woredas in four regions report or expect to report active cases: 6 in Amhara (Gonder Zuria, Takusa, Awabel, Fogera, Yilma Densa and Shenkora), one in Oromiya (Zway Dugda and Dukem), two in SNNPR (E. Badawasho and Dugna Fango) and three in Tigray (A. Tesmbila, Kafta Humera and M. Zana). No new woredas have been affected during the past two weeks. During the week, the Oromiya Regional Health Bureau (RHB) in Collaboration with WHO, UNICEF and Population Service International (PSI) organized a three-day training on AWD epidemic response for Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response focal points and environmental health Coordinators from 17 woredas, co-funded by WHO and ECHO. Meanwhile, UNICEF provided water purification chemicals to Tigray Region, and also dispatched 400 bottles of water guard to Gog Woreda in Gamblella Region. For more information contact: who-wro@et.afro.who.int

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.