Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Humanitarian Bulletin 03 Nov 2008

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HUMANITARIAN SITUATION

Although the overall meher harvest prospects are promising in the western parts of the country, apart from few pockets, crop production prospects in the eastern half, particularly in the lowlands is poor due to inadequate belg and kiremt rains. Near to total crop failure has been reported in the lowland areas of Tigray, Amhara, Oromiya, Dire Dawa, Harar and northern Somali, WFP reports. The current unseasonable rains are also anticipated to affect matured crop yields in some lowland and mild altitude areas. Impacts of the prevailing drought situation are anticipated to continue in 2009. The actual emergency need for the first half of the coming year will be identified by the multi-agency assessment scheduled to start on November 3, 2008 in cropping areas where the first assessment will be undertaken in Tigray Region. The assessment in the remaining regions is scheduled to commence on 23 November 2008. A multi-disciplinary team will be deployed in the affected areas to identify emergency food and nonfood requirements including Health and Nutrition, Water and Sanitation and Agriculture and Livestock.

Food prices have slightly declined in some markets in SNNPR, East/West Hararghe zones in Oromiya Region, Harar and Dire Dawa following crop harvests, according to WFP. The food security situation in lowland areas of East and West Hararghe however, continue to be concerning due to severe impacts of the protracted drought. In Afar Region, there are reports of continued migration of pastoralists in Teru and Erebti woredas due to poor pasture and browse. Shortage of water for human and livestock consumption is reportedly worsening in the eastern areas of Tigray Region following early cession of rains. For more information contact: ocha-eth@un.org & wfp.addisababa@wfp.org.

HEALTH UPDATE

Reports of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) cases declined nationwide during the week. WHO notes that there is no newly affected woreda. Currently 15 woredas in four regions are reporting active cases: Awabel, Takusa, W. Armacho, Tegede, Fogera, Yilma Densa and Shenkora woredas in Amhara; Zway Dugda and Dukem woredas in Oromiya; East Badawacho and Dugna Fango in SNNPR and A. Tesmbila, T. Koraro, Tsegede, Kafta Humera and M. Zana woredas in Tigray. The current hotspot woredas are Awabel, Yilma Densa and Tegede woredas in Amhara Region; Zway Dugda woreda in Oromiya Region; and Kafta Humera woreda in Tigray Region. In response, WHO has procured emergency health kits including diarrheal kits worth US$ 478,349 using funding from ECHO and Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). In addition, WHO has allocated US$ 8,000 to Afar Regional Health Bureau to support community education for health workers and community leaders on AWD prevention and response. For more information contact: who-wro@et.afro.who.int

RESOURCE UPDATE

With the poor performance of meher rains in Eastern Oromiya, the prevailing drought in eastern Tigray and eastern woredas of Amhara and the loss of livelihoods in Somali Region, WFP notes that needs are likely to endure into 2009. The actual needs for 2009 will be determined by the aforementioned government-led multi sectoral needs assessment.

Meanwhile in Somali Region, a total of 82,259 MT have been allocated to 1,881,495 beneficiaries and 50,212 MT have been dispatched. In Jijiga, first relief food dispatches of October allocation to Final Distribution Points in Harshin woreda through WFP Hubs and Spokes Logistics started on 23 October. In total, 727 MT of relief food in DPPB Jijiga warehouse will be dispatched through WFP Hubs and Spokes as soon as the selection of transporters is completed. During January to October 2008, 113,129 MT of food has been allocated to SNNP out of which 95,154 MT has been dispatched, while in Oromiya out of the allocated 71,298 MT of food, 55,233 MT has been dispatched.

For Afar, Amhara, Benshangul Gumuz, Gambella and Tigray regions, WFP reports that some 1,542,523 beneficiaries have been allocated 67,864 MT, with 47,305 MT dispatched during the above mentioned period. Under the PSNP (as at 22 October 08) -140,727 MT of mixed commodities have been allocated by WFP to 4,006,712 PSNP beneficiaries in Afar, Amhara, Harar, Oromiya, SNNPR and Tigray from January to August 2008, and some 122,027 MT have been dispatched. Furthermore, under the Targeted Supplementary Feeding Programme, as at 28 October, cumulative distribution over the period July-October consisted 15,340 MT of blended food provided to 545,801 people in Afar, Amhara, Oromiya, SNNP and Tigray Regions following May-August 2008 screenings. For more information contact: wfp.addisababa@wfp.org

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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