Ethiopia: Floods Appeal No. 05EA013 Interim Final Report

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered: June 2005 to May 2006

Final appeal coverage: 78.6%.

Appeal history:

- Launched on 24 June 2005 -* - for CHF 735,000 (USD 576,796 or EUR 477,164) for 6 months (ending 24 December 2005) to assist 14,000 beneficiaries.

- Operations Update no. 1 -* - issued on 26 October 2005.

- Operations Update no. 2 -* - issued on 10 February 2006; it extended the operational period by five months (ending 24 May 2006) to enable the finalization of the water and sanitation (WatSan) activities which delayed because of the rainy season and security concerns.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 200,000.

This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and summary

The heavy rains that hit the eastern and southern parts of Ethiopia in April 2005, led to severe flooding which left 156 people dead and thousands others homeless. Initial assessment reports indicated that up to 235,418 people were affected, while tens of thousands of livestock were killed and substantial damage to crops suffered.

Based on a request from the Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS), the International Federation launched an Emergency Appeal on 24 June 2005 for CHF 735,000 (USD 576,796 or EUR 477,164) for 6 months to assist 43,000 beneficiaries; the original number of beneficiaries was subsequently amended to 14,217 (see Operations Update no. 1 issued on 24 December 2005). The operation was also extended to the end of May 2006 (see Operations Update no. 2) due to local conflict and general political insecurity in the country as well as the rainy season. Some changes in the numbers of interventions were inevitable as all feasible interventions had been identified. The branches were to perform these activities with the woreda water desk offices. Due to the nature of the tasks and the inadequate experience and capacity at branch level the well construction work were contracted out. However, the majority of tasks were accomplished by the branches.

This Interim Final Report for Appeal no. 05EA013 is being completed and issued at the same time that a new floods emergency operation is under implementation. Implementation of the relief (non-food item) and health activities were covered in previous reports, and this Final Report therefore focuses on the water and sanitation activities that were delayed. Table 2, on page 5, provides a summary of implementation status and progress for the planned water and sanitation components of the appeal. The majority of the activities are complete, but there remain several projects that are currently underway. The national society has indicated that the projects will be complete over the next two months, and a final financial report will be issued shortly after (together with a brief final narrative for the completion of the projects). It is anticipated that these remaining water and sanitation activities will complete the difference between the current income and expenditure figures (see attached financial data). The lessons learned and experiences gained from the 2005 floods operation are proving valuable to the national society for the current flood response operation.

The initial response

In response to the unfolding emergency situation, the ERCS (supported by the Federation) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) jointly distributed non-food items for 541 households (2,700 persons) at Jijiga in Somali region in the eastern part of Ethiopia from April to May 2005. The ERCS focused on the southern part due to less intervention in the area by the government and non-governmental organizations. The ERCS began its planned interventions mainly with the local purchasing and putting in place of modalities for the distribution of basic non-food items. The distribution of basic non-food items and insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) was carried out in the Humbo, Arbaminch and Dale woredas in July 2005. The distribution was based on results of a subsequent reassessment of the situation in the flood affected areas and due to general improvements and the Ethiopian government's interventions especially in Humbo woreda the number of households that required immediate basic non-food items in this operation was reduced from 8,645 to 2,257.

The initial stages of the disaster and distributions identified above were supported by the regional disaster response team (RDRT) that conducted a rapid assessment of the flood-affected areas of Sidama, Wolayita and Arbaminch zones of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and People Regional State (SNNPS) from 22 May to 31 May. The assessment came up with findings that a total of 8,645 households had been affected (312 from Dale woreda dis trict in Sidama zone; 4,933 from Humbo woreda in Wolayita zone; and 3,400 from Arbaminch woreda). The RDRT assessment team also witnessed crop damage in the Sodo zuria woreda in Wolayita zone and the bridge that connects Dale woreda with the market place and health posts were reported damaged.

A team consisting of water and sanitation (WatSan) officers from the ERCS headquarters and disaster preparedness/response officers from Wolayita and Arbaminch ERCS branches as well as rural development officers from the governmental woreda offices were deployed to the affected areas after the rainy season in October 2005. The team developed a revised plan of action with financial requirements for the long-term WatSan components of the project. Due to a local conflict between Wolayita and Sidama zones and general political insecurity within the country the team was only able to start its visit to Dale woreda in Sidama zone at the end of November 2005. The plan was to cover twenty (20) locations out of which twelve (12) were situated in Arbaminch zone and eight (8) in Wolayita zone. The activities planned were for water supply, sanitation, health education and water committee training.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Ethiopia: Takele Jemberu, Acting Secretary General, Ethiopian Red Cross Society, Addis Ababa; Email:; Phone +251.11.515.38.53; Fax +251.11.551.26.43

In Ethiopia: John Undulu, Federation Head of the Horn of Africa Sub-Regional Office, Addis Ababa; Email:; Phone +251.11.551.43.17; Fax +251.11.551.28.88

In Kenya: Getachew Ta'a, Acting Federation Head of East Africa Regional Delegation, Nairobi; Email:; Phone; Fax or Charles G. Byamugisha, Disaster Management Coordinator, East Africa Regional Delegation, Nairobi; Email:; Phone; Fax

In Geneva: Amna Al Ahmar, Federation Regional Officer for East Africa, Africa Dept.; Email:; Phone 41.22.730.44.27; Fax 41.22.733.03.95.

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at

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