Ethiopia – Flooding Flash Update, 20 October 2019
During the month of October, several flood incidences were reported in Afar, Oromia, SNNP and Somali regions displacing thousands and causing loss of property and livelihoods. Reportedly, some 202,202 people have been displaced across the country, the majority (127,524 people) in Somali region.
The October weather forecast by the National Meteorology Agency (NMA) indicated that the expected dominantly above normal rainfall will prevail across the South and Southwestern Ethiopia and can cause flash floods in lowlying areas, near river banks and in areas where the soil infiltration capacity is poor.
• Reportedly 10 districts in 6 zones were affected by floods as a result of heavy Deyr rainfall which started in October in most parts of the region and extended kiremt rains in Oromia highlands.
Together these excessive rains are causing overflow of rivers including Genale and Wabi Shabelle rivers and related tributaries.
• Shabelle zone: A Multi-Agency Assessment in Shabelle zone identified some 37,711 HHs affected of which some 17,679 HHs were displaced. Heavy rains restarted in Shabelle and in all deyr receiving zones. Some 35 formal and 22 Alternative Basic Education (ABE) schools at Mustahil, Kalafo and Ferfer woredas were damaged and consequently, 12,093 students are out of school. A total of 32 health facilities were affected and 3 health centers damaged. More than 500 household latrines damaged/destroyed, mostly in Mustahil town. Cases of seasonal diarrheal diseases were reported in flood-affected woredas. Limited food availability was reported in the affected communities.
• Dollo Ado woreda: A Multi-Agency Assessment in Dollo woreda identified a total of 9,374 HHs in 12 kebeles affected of which 3,575 HHs were displaced. A total of 4,006 livestock perished, and 730 hectares of farm land were inundated and crops damaged. The current rains and floods caused inaccessibility of all roads within and outside the woreda, restricted people’s movement between the kebeles/woredas/zones, and caused price of food commodities to increase. Some kebeles are currently facing food shortages.
• Hadya zone: Flood was reported in 14 kebeles of Shashego woreda from 28 September to 03 October and affected 14,261 individuals and displaced 5,665. The flood also destroyed 4 elementary schools and 1,772 hectares of field crops. Similarly, landslide killed 22 people in Konta special woreda (Amaya town) due to a heavy rainfall on 12 October. Floods and landslides were also reported in Melokoza woreda of Gofa zone and Zabageze woreda of Dawuro zone.
• Some 7,045 HHs have been affected or displaced. About 4,250 HHs got their houses totally /partially damaged due to the overflow of Awash River. Currently, newly displaced 2,734HHs need urgent shelter and NFI response. IDPS that lost their houses settled under trees or in host communities.
• In Bale zone about 5 woredas (Agarfa, Gololcha, Gaseara, Goba, and Sinana) were affected by flooding and as a result several types of crops and livestock were damaged. About 190 houses were damaged as well as 5,000 hectares of crops and fruits, and about 150 livestock heads and other properties were damaged. Consequently, 33,000 families are in need of humanitarian assistance. The affected community urgently requires food, NFIs, clothes, and plastic shelters.
• A total of 14,452 people were affected of which 11,128 individuals displaced, 321 cattle perished, and a number of schools and health facilities were affected. The region requested partners to support with food, agriculture, shelter/NFI, health, nutrition and WaSH sectors.