1. NUTRITION ASSESMENT
1.1 STANDARD NUTRITION SURVEYS
Figure 1: Nutrition Survey Results Ethiopia, Jan-Mar 2009
Survey Methodology: In the first quarter of 2009, a total of 29 surveys were conducted in five regions; SNPPR (13), Amhara (4), Tigray (4), Oromia (7) and Beneshangul Gumuz (1). All the 29 surveys were conducted based on revised interim national guideline on emergency nutrition assessment for Ethiopia revised recently based on the SMART methodology. Eight of the 29 were emergency nutrition surveys aiming at providing baseline information for future monitoring of nutrition interventions. These included surveys conducted in Amhara (3), all surveys in Tigray and B/Gumuz. The remaining were monitoring or end line surveys conducted in SNNPR and Oromia regions following nutrition interventions most of which were initiated in 3rd and 4th quarters as part of the emergency response in the 2008 nutrition crisis. As part of quality control and standardize the undertaking of nutrition surveys in the country, all the surveys proposals were technically reviewed by the Emergency Nutrition Coordination Unit (ENCU). A formal approval was provided for those proposals that met the requirements.
Sample sizes for the under-five study population ranged from 524 in Soro to 878 in Bure woredas in SNNPR. 25 surveys were conducted within the administrative boundaries and two were conducted in coffee and Enset livelihood zones both in SNNPR. Anthropometric and mortality analyses were conducted using Emergency Nutrition Assessments (ENA) for SMART software (October 2007; June 2008 versions). WHO anthropometric standard definitions were used to define case of malnutrition among under-five children. Point prevalence estimates were reported using NCHS references. Vitamin A supplementation, measles coverage, morbidity, MUAC measurements and food security information was analyzed by partners using other software like EPI Info, Excel and SPSS.