Ethiopia

Ethiopia: Drought Emergency Plan of Action 12 Month Update (MDRET0016)

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Situation Report
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Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action:

The emergency appeal was launched in December 2015 seeking 2.2 million Swiss Francs to support Ethiopian Red Cross Society provide assistance to 35,371 people affected by drought in Afar and Somali Regions, through the distribution of supplementary food, malnutrition screening and referral, improved access to safe water, hygiene promotion and protection of their livelihoods.

The appeal was later revised in June 2016 to extend the supplementary food support to an additional 30,000 moderately malnourished children under 5 years, pregnant and lactating women in priority hotspot areas, and adjusting the water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) component to ensure integration with the Community Based Health and First Aid (CBHFA) approach.

Based on the findings of the mid-term review in December 2016, the appeal was revised, narrowing down on the geographical area and extending the operation by 6 months until June 2017. The revised appeal seeks 2,595,467 Swiss Francs to reach 45,350 people through a revised supplementary food programme, water, sanitation, and hygiene, community health, and reinforce livelihoods and coping mechanisms of the affected community in Bidu and surrounding selected and worst hit woredas.

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Ethiopia has been affected by the worst drought for 50 years, with over 10.2 million people in need of food assistance (mid-2016), compared to 2.9 million in the beginning of 2015. In 2015, an El Nino induced drought affected approximately 10.2 million people in Ethiopia and was described as one of the worst drought events in decades.

In June 2016, IFRC revised the emergency appeal seeking $2.7m to meet the needs of 65,371 affected people. This was an addition to PNS and ERCS bilateral efforts to respond to the crisis. The Government of Ethiopia Government provided over US$200 million of emergency support by reallocating development funding from other sectors.

In 2016, most of the regions of Amhara, Oromia, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) were reported to be at least in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity; in the most affected areas, over 75% of crop production was reported lost, one million livestock were reported to have died, and over 1.7 million are reportedly at risk due to poor body conditions.

By end of year 2016, projections showed up to 22 million required relief food assistance, with 1.7 million people estimated to experience Moderate to Acute Malnutrition(MAM) and 435,000 people estimated to experience severe Acute malnutrition(SAM).