Ethiopia

Ethiopia - Complex Food Security Crisis Situation Report #2 (FY 2007)

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last situation report was dated June 6, 2007.

BACKGROUND

In early 2006, consecutive seasons of failed rains resulted in a humanitarian emergency across pastoralist areas of the Horn of Africa, affecting 2.8 million people in southern and southeastern Ethiopia. In October and November, unusually heavy rainfall caused widespread flooding, which affected 362,000 people in Somali Region and resulted in population displacements, loss of life and livelihoods, and increased incidence of disease. Despite these setbacks, the anticipation of increased harvests indicated an improvement in the food security situation for 2007. A November- December 2006 multi-agency assessment of the main meher rainy season, which largely determines the food security outlook for the coming year, indicated that the onset, amount, and distribution of rains were good in most regions, and forecast above average agricultural production. However, some communities remain vulnerable due to endemic poverty, chronic malnutrition, drought conditions, flooding, and localized agricultural failure. In February 2007, the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (GFDRE), the U.N., and humanitarian partners released the 2007 Joint Humanitarian Appeal for Ethiopia requesting emergency assistance for nearly 1.4 million people, representing a reduction of approximately 50 percent from the previous year.

On December 7, 2006, U.S. Ambassador Donald Y. Yamamoto redeclared a disaster in response to ongoing humanitarian needs resulting from food insecurity. To date in FY 2007, the U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $188.1 million for emergency food assistance, refugee assistance, air operations during flooding, and health, nutrition, agriculture and food security, and water, sanitation, and hygiene programs. In FY 2006, the USG provided nearly $160 million for humanitarian programs in Ethiopia.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Emergency Food Assistance Caseload
1.4 million
February 2007 Joint Humanitarian Appeal
Ethiopian Government PSNP(1) Caseload
7.3 million
February 2007 Joint Humanitarian Appeal
Total Population in Need of Assistance
8.6 million
February 2007 Joint Humanitarian Appeal



FY 2007 HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED TO DATE

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Ethiopia: $5,569,361

USAID/FFP(2) Assistance to Ethiopia: $174,534,600

State/PRM(3) Assistance to Ethiopia: $8,068,841

Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Ethiopia: $188,172,802

CURRENT SITUATION

Food Security and Agriculture

Humanitarian staff note the potential for a severe food insecurity crisis in Somali Region through late 2007, owing to security operations impeding the movement of commercial and relief food supplies. Food security also deteriorated in Amhara, Oromiya, and Afar regions of eastern Ethiopia in June and July, following poor belg rains that resulted in below normal harvests. In Oromiya and Amhara regions, distress signals such as unusual migration patterns are visible, and a recent assessment recommended immediate assistance for 38,000 people in West Arsi Zone, Oromiya Region, according to the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Notes:

(1) Productive Safety Net Program

(2) USAID's Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP)

(3) U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM)