Programme purpose: The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) programmes in the first half of 2009 focused on making a real change in the lives of the targeted communities. ERCS reduced the impact of disasters, diseases, public health emergencies and number of deaths and injuries among the vulnerable population in Ethiopia. The ERCS addressed its own capacity building in disaster response and preparedness in order to deliver better services to disaster affected population.
The health and care programme aimed to address HIV and AIDS through preventing/controlling further infection, expanding care and support for People Living with HIV and AIDS (PLHIV), awareness raising, fighting stigmatization and discrimination. In addition this programme improved and promoted maternal and child health (MCH) services through immunization; proper water and sanitation measures through National Society (NS) community based activities.
The organisational development/capacity building programme aimed to address vulnerabilities through mobilising and building capacities of local communities, ERCS volunteers and its staff at both branch and headquarter levels.
The ERCS programmes are in line and contributing to the Federation's Global Agenda goals and Millenium Development Goals (MDG) at global level.
Programme summary: Supported by the Federation, ERCS implemented a range of community based development programmes and community building schemes. Whenever disasters strike the National Society dispatches material, financial and human resources to the affected area to participate in relief operations and respond to the chronic needs of the most vulnerable. Rehabilitation and recovery activities were also undertaken in the affected areas. The International Federation, based on its mandate, channeled technical and financial support to the ERCS which has a wealth of experience in responding to humanitarian needs.
ERCS has been focusing on improving the lives of the most vulnerable people by reducing the impact of natural and man made disasters, reducing the impact of diseases and improving the capacities of its volunteers during the reporting period. Due to the recurrence of floods and droughts in the country for the past four years, the capacity of the NS has been over-stretched. The impact of disasters and diseases have shown that the National Society needs to mobilize and train more volunteers through strengthening existing and establishing more Red Cross committees throughout the country in order to reach the most vulnerable people.
A high level meeting organised by InterAction within the framework of United States Agency for International Development (USAID) supported an integrated programme to address preparedness for H2P influenza pandemic. Over 100 people including government officials, United Nations (UN) agencies, USAID, Non Governmental Organisation (NGOs) and Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies participated. The first three cases of H1N1 influenza have been detected and confirmed by the Ministry of Health in Ethiopia.
Financial situation: The total 2009 budget is CHF 2,885,230 (USD 2719329 or EUR1901367), of which 45 per cent was covered. Expenditure overall was 29 per cent of the amount received. The variation between sums received and spent partly results from the implementation of rescheduled activities from 2008 and engagement of ERCS in food security emergency operations and other bilateral activities. Based on available funds, planned activities for 2009 will be largely implemented in the second half of 2009.
No. of people we help: Over 50,000 direct beneficiaries were reached through disaster management and food security projects and up to 4,000,000 rural community members addressed through 320 Community Based Health and First Aid (CBHFA) facilitators.
Our partners: The ERCS and Federation Country Representation work with a number of partners when implementing programmes. Close relationships developed with donors in response to the 2009-2010 Country Plan, particularly with Swedish Red Cross which contributed a bulk amount of funds to implement some of the activities in the country plan. There was also particular support for disaster management activities from the Department for International Development (DFID). Partnership was developed with Partner National Societies (PNS) in Ethiopia implementing bilateral and multilateral activities together with ERCS particularly American RC, Austrian RC, Danish RC, British RC, French RC, German RC, Finnish RC, Netherlands RC and Spanish RC. The bilateral activities implemented complement each other thus ensuring overall coordinated service delivery in the field of health and care and food security. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has played an important role providing valuable support to the National Society through its traditional activities, as well as in logistics.
There were a variety of partnerships outside the Movement, which include Government ministries - especially the federal ministries of health, agriculture and rural development (which is responsible for disaster preparedness and disaster risk reduction). There was continuing close cooperation with local and regional levels of government. These collaborations were found to be crucial when implementing community oriented health and disaster management interventions.
Other partners outside the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement include international donor agencies such as the USAID, European Union (EU) and European Commission Humanitarian Office (ECHO). The National Society also cooperates and coordinates its activities with various UN agencies such as Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), World Health Organisation (WHO) and World Food Programme (WFP) as well as Government ministries and their offices at national and local levels. Through its countrywide network of local branches the society also cooperates with community-based and women associations, in addition to the associations of PLHIV. Other partners were the communities and ERCS volunteers.