Ethiopia: Agriculture Sector HDRP Monthly Dashboard (September 2018)
Despite the benefit of recent Belg rains, recovery of pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihoods will not be spontaneous, nor can it be expected without concerted assistance. Belg rainfall did not cover all regions equally. In the low plains of Afar and Somali Regions, rain has been resulting in floods and damage to irrigation infrastructure and cropland. Some pockets in Afar, Amhara and Tigray reported low or no crop yield.
Poor body conditions of livestock in Afar, Somali (only flooded areas) and Amhara Regions require health interventions and improved feeding. Milk production is a major concern in these regions, as well as in Oromia. Tigray is of most concern, with around only one-fifth of planted area for crops expected to produce harvest in the current Belg season. Both Oromia and Somali regions highlighted shortages of pasture, cropland, water and market access in many areas due to the cumulative impacts of weather and conflict-induced pasture degradation.
To improve household food security and nutrition outcomes, the agriculture sector highlights the need to continue assistance for livestock and crop interventions. Protection of core-breeding and milking livestock is vital – including supplementary animal feed, fodder production and animal health services. The planting window for many highland areas has already passed for this year. However, in some priority areas, the planting season extends to October. If immediate support is not provided, this will have long-term impacts, as planting cannot commence again until 2019 that would lead to further dependency on humanitarian assistance, and shorten the community’s recovery period.