Despite the benefit of recent Belg rains, recovery of livelihoods will not be spontaneous, nor can it be expected without concerted assistance. Belg rainfall did not cover all regions equally. In the low plains of Afar and Somali Regions, rain has been resulting in floods and damage to irrigation infrastructure and cropland. Some pockets in Afar, Amhara and Tigray reported low or no crop yield.
Poor body conditions of livestock in Afar, Amhara and flood areas of Somali Regions require health interventions and feeding. Milk production is a major concern in these regions, as well as in Oromia. Tigray is of most concern, with around only 1/5 of planted area expected to produce harvest in the current Belg season. Both Oromia and Somali regions highlighted shortages of pasture, cropland, water and market access in many areas due to the cumulative impacts of weather and conflict-induced pasture degradation.
To improve household food security and nutrition outcomes, the agriculture sector highlights the need to continue assistance for core-breeding and milking livestock; including, supplementary animal feed, fodder production, animal health services and crop interventions. The planting window for many areas has already passed but in some priority areas, immediate support could be still be possible in October in order to avoid long-term dependency on humanitarian assistance.