EHoA SITUATION OVERVIEW
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impact people across East & Horn of Africa. Migrants, including Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), are among some of the world’s most vulnerable groups likely to be impacted by the disease. Migrant groups are more likely to be exposed to the conditions and circumstances in which COVID-19 spreads, which includes living in poorer and makeshift locations, and/or overcrowded settings. Migrant groups are also less likely to have access to medical care, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and the COVID-19 vaccines being developed and distributed.
Thousands of migrants remain stranded across East and Horn of Africa due to the impact of nearly one year of movement and mobility restrictions, including air, land and sea border closures, and quarantine rules. Many of these people are in need of food, water, medical assistance, transport, counselling and psycho-social support.
Migrants have also suffered involuntarily return to their countries of origin, some have experienced detention and faced abuse in facilities. Others are facing stigma and xenophobia, resulting from being blamed for the spread of the disease.
As of March 9 2021, the number of positive COVID-19 cases in the region stands at 365,787. 1,677 new cases have been reported in the last day with most new cases reported in Ethiopia (995 daily increase 0.6%), followed by Kenya (337 daily increase 0.3%), Somalia (117 daily increase 01.4%) and Rwanda (108 daily increase 0.5%). Ethiopia remains the country with the highest number of confirmed cases in the region at 167,133 (45.7% of total case), followed by Kenya 109,164 (30.0%), followed by Uganda 40,490 (11.1%).
IOM is supporting governments throughout the region to respond to COVID-19 in the areas of risk communication, disease surveillance, infection prevention and control, case management, ‘Points of Entry’ (PoEs), procurement and logistics, and in other areas. IOM is advocating for migrants, including IDPs to be included in all government responses to COVID-19, including access COVID-19 vaccines. IOM launched a regional appeal for the East and Horn of Africa for $71.6m in April 2020, to meet the many needs of these communities.
Link to the EHoA COVID-19 appeal document; https://ronairobi.iom.int/publications/ iom-east-and-horn-africa-strategic-and-preparedness-and-response-plan-covid-19 In August 2020 IOM launched an appeal to specifically respond to the needs of migrants on the ‘Eastern Route’ from the Horn of Africa to Yemen.
Link to the Regional Migrant Response Plan for Horn of Africa and Yemen’ (RMRP) 2020 Appeal: https://ronairobi.iom.int/publications/regional-migrants-response-planho...
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