East and Horn of Africa, Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Monthly Regional Update - (August 2019)
Reporting Period August 2019
Active Flow Monitoring Networks
Burundi 11 FMPs
Djibouti 5 FMPs
Ethiopia 5 FMPs
Somalia 7 FMPs
South Sudan 34 FMPs
Uganda 21 FMPs
A network of 83 Flow Monitoring Points (FMPs) are currently operational across six countries, including 17 FMPs focused specifically on Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) preparedness activities in South Sudan, and three in Burundi, along the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).
The flow monitoring (FM) operations continued in Burundi through 11 FMPs, and through five FMPs in Djibouti. In Ethiopia, FMR and survey data collection continued at five FMPs at various official and unofficial border crossing points. Somalia also continued to conduct flow monitoring activities through FMPs in seven locations.
In South Sudan, flow monitoring activities continued at 17 FMPs in seven out of ten states and Abyei Administrative Area. Malakal Bus Station FMP was temporarily deactivated in August as a result of the station's closure for the rainy season. Flow monitoring activities, which are assisting in EVD preparedness operations, were conducted at an additional 17 FMPs along South Sudan’s southern borders with the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR). Two new FMPs were activated on 4 and 7 August 2019 respectively in Abaya and Bori, Kajo-Keji County. Displacement site flow monitoring (DSFM) was also carried out at entry and exit points to track movements in and out of eight Protection of Civilian (PoC) sites and collective centres in Bentiu, Malakal and Wau.
Flow monitoring in Uganda continued through 21 FMPs, six of which are located along the border with South Sudan and are operated in close coordination with the DTM South Sudan team. The other 15 active FMPs are located along the border with the DRC.
Regionally, 311,114 movements were tracked during August 2019. This represents a 39 per cent increase compared to July 2019. These movements include migration from the Horn of Africa (HoA) countries (Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Somalia), as well as shorter-term incident-based movements tracked in other East African countries (Burundi, South Sudan, and Uganda). An additional 23,417 movements were also tracked through the EVD points in South Sudan, and 13,255 movements were tracked through the FMPs in Burundi along the border with DRC.
About 17 per cent of the tracked movements were moving along the various migratory corridors that are important in the HoA region. Of these, the majority were Ethiopian nationals (67%) and the secondlargest population group were Somali nationals (27%). This is slightly different from what was observed in July 2019 (74% and 20% respectively).
Of the total movements, 83 per cent of those tracked were incident-based movements, mainly between Uganda and the DRC (62%), Burundi and the United Republic of Tanzania (19%), and between South Sudan and Uganda (11%). Of these incident-based movements, the majority of those tracked were Congolese nationals (35%), followed by Ugandan nationals (31%), Burundian nationals (17%) and South Sudanese nationals (13%).