Over the past year, the eastern Horn of Africa has experienced two consecutive severely below‐average rainy seasons. In some areas of Kenya, drought conditions have persisted even longer. In order to provide some historical context for the current drought, FEWS NET/USGS has merged two historical rainfall data sets: interpolated rain gauge data from 1950‐2009 and satellite derived rainfall estimates from 1995‐2011. Using this merged data set, FEWS NET/USGS then compared rainfall totals from the past year (June 1, 2010 – May 31, 2011) with comparable data for the last 60 years for specific drought‐affected pastoral areas of Kenya and Ethiopia (Figure 1). Somalia has also been severely affected by the current drought, but historical data is too limited for this type of analysis.