Ethiopia

Crisis Situation Report: Ethiopia

The magnitude of drought and famine in the whole of Ethiopia, particularly in the south and southeast, is becoming severe. What is reported by the BBC is the area called Gode (Somali region) and Borena (Oromiya). A number of children and elderly are reported to be dying everyday. And so are their livestock. The government is complaining that, unfortunately, donors have not responded quickly to the pledge made by the government seven months ago.
Sacks of emergency food are stacked and ready for distribution to the people of Lalibela.

WHERE TO POSSIBLY ASSIST

Having received Sponsors' concerns, we contacted the Federal Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission (DPPC). The government appreciated very much if PLAN will make further efforts to raise funds for food aid. We are also told that PLAN should concentrate on the adjacent villages in the same Woreda (district) in addition to its working areas. This will make coordination easy both for the national government and for PLAN.

The woreda has 32 villages, 11 of which are PLAN's program areas.

HOW MANY PEOPLE?

Compared to the 8 million people suffering from the famine nation wide, Bugna Woreda, wherein PLAN operates, has a total population of 190,000 people, out of which 55,000 are effected by the drought and in need of food assistance. This figure is projected to increase because the situation is unlikely to get better.

HOW MANY QUINTALS OF WHEAT REQUIRED?

The following is the needed wheat at least for the coming three months:

April 2000: 5,700 quintals
May 2000: 8,500 quintals
June 2000: 8,500 quintals
Total: 22,700 quintals

Please note that we already received funds equivalent to 7,000 quintals from Foster Parents Plan Canada. The remaining required assistance is 15,700 quintals for the whole Woreda.

HOW MUCH REMAINING FUNDS NEEDED IF WE WANT TO COVER THE WHOLE WOREDA?

15,700 quintals x US$37.50/quintal US$588,750 including the transportation cost to the site.

HOW LONG WILL IT TAKE TO DELIVER THE WHEAT TO THE SITE?

Approximately one month upon receiving the guarantee of funds.

HOW IS THE WHEAT DISTRIBUTION ARRANGEMENT?

As per the government policy on emergency assistance, the wheat will be distributed by the established committee at Woreda level. PLAN is also a member of the committee.

There are two types of distributions as follows:

Through Employment Generating Scheme -- for those who are able to work on the established development activities.
Free hand-out -- for children, elders, and disabled persons.

The positive aspect of the above arrangement is that the government at Woreda already has the storage facilities and the staff responsible for the distribution.

I hope the information above is helpful for you. Many thanks for your concerns.

Best regards,
Mr. Supriyanto,
Country Director
PLAN Ethiopia

For the most up to date information on the crisis and on how you can help, call toll free 1-800-556-7918.