- Brief description of the emergency
Since September 2011, there has been increased fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces and other Sudanese armed groups (mostly SPLM-N) in Blue Nile State and in South Kordofan in Sudan.
According to UNHCR, air attacks in areas within Sudan's Blue Nile state (including Bau, Sali and Dinduro, all located between Kurmuk and the Blue Nile capital, Damazine) have driven a large number of Sudanese civilians to cross the border and seek shelter in the Kurmuk area of western Ethiopia. In addition, the Sudanese community are leaving the area for safety in Ethiopia in fear of a possible ground offensive.
UNHCR estimates that about 23,000 refugees have been registered and accepted into the transit camp in Adamazine (that hosts approximately 4,500 refugees), and Sherkole and Tongo camps (each hosting more than 9,000 refugees) in the Benishangul-Gumuz region. Both Sherkole and Tongo camps have been declared full.