This Strategic Partnership Cooperation Framework (SPCF) has prioritised five strategic areas for interventions and cooperation. These have been further elaborated into thematic response, and outcome areas. The strategic priority areas are: 1) Basic Social Services; 2) National Capacity Development; 3) Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods; 4) Environmental Sustainability;
- Gender Equity and Advancement of Women. Under each strategic area of collaboration, a number of thematic areas have been identified and further elaborated into key outcome areas. Eight (8) outcomes derived from the strategic priority areas are summarized below. They form the key result areas under which the UN will develop its programme support strategy.
1.- SPCF Outcome 1: Access and utilization of quality and integrated health and nutrition services improved among the general population with particular emphasis on children under five, youth, women and other vulnerable groups. This outcome will focus on support in health and nutrition, and HIV and AIDS. The key components are; reproductive health; child health and nutrition; prevention, control and management of communicable and non-communicable diseases and injuries; strengthening the health systems including the essential health care package (cross- cutting interventions and health systems). In addition, support shall be given to the national response to HIV and AIDS towards zero new infections, zero AIDS-related deaths, and zero discrimination of people living with or affected by AIDS.
2.- SPCF Outcome 2: Children, including refugees have equitable access to quality basic education in the hard to reach areas of Anseba, Gash-Barka, Southern Red Sea (SRS), Northern Red Sea (NRS) and Debub. Focus will be on establishment of sustainable learning spaces, development and adoption of minimum standards and capacity building.
3.- SPCF Outcome 3: Strengthened protection and participation of vulnerable children, adolescents, young people, women, and people with special needs, including refugees, from the impact of poverty, harmful practices, exploitation and injuries in high prevalence areas. This outcome will support the development and implementation of an integrated social protection framework, increased access to adolescent friendly services, reduction in female genital mutilation, early marriage, risk reduction and victim assistance.
4.- SPCF Outcome 4: Selected government institutions have the capacity to effectively and efficiently deliver services to all. This outcome will focus on support to human resource development and institutional strengthening relevant institutions. Support will also be given to human resource development in the higher education sector.
5.- SPCF Outcome 5: Strengthened national and sectoral disaster risk management. The outcome will seeks to strengthen national disaster risk management mechanisms through the establishment of a platform for coordination and operational interventions such as risk assessment, vulnerability analysis, mapping of hazards, and strategies for prevention, mitigation, preparedness and response.
6.- SPCF Outcome 6: Poor and vulnerable households have improved access to, and utilization of quality food and enhanced livelihood opportunities. This outcome focuses on five main programmatic areas; 1) enhancing crop, livestock, and fish production; 2) enhancing employment opportunities; 3) increasing access to production resources; 4) shelter and 5) disaster preparedness and mitigation among vulnerable farmers.
7.- SPCF Outcome 7: Eritrea is on track towards the achievement of MDG targets for environmental sustainability (MDG 7). This outcome will focus on support to sustainable water sources development and management for both agricultural and domestic uses, renewable energy sources, natural resources conservation and environmental management and sanitation. This will also include support in the implementation of Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs).
8.- SPCF Outcome 8: National institutions have gender responsive sector plans and policies and promote empowerment of women: To support gender and advancement of women, three programmatic areas have been elaborated; advocacy on gender issues; Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) reporting; and gender mainstreaming in development sectors.
These outcomes are strongly interlinked and highly complementary. The design and implementation of the SPCF allows for cross-thematic integration, synergies and linkages to maximize impact. It also supports effective mainstreaming of normative issues such as gender and capacity development across all the priority areas and is framed along a rights-based approach. The SPCF seeks to enhance the wellbeing all Eritrean people including the refugees they host, who need matching access to socioeconomic opportunities.
To ensure effective leadership, alignment with national priorities, harmonization, management for results and mutual accountability in implementation, the programme will continually be monitored through the SPCF Steering Committee led by the Minister of National Development and the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator supported by other programmatic structures at technical level.
In addition to Government’s own resources in supporting these areas, the UN’s indicative resources amount to about USD 188 million, of which about USD 50 million will be from core budgets and USD 138 million will be jointly mobilised from other sources. Of the resources to be mobilised, about 30% have already been committed to the UNCT.