Global Update - Food Security Monitoring, June - September 2009 First issue
- The food security situation in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia is acute and deteriorating. The crop harvest of the main season is about 15 per cent lower than the historical average. This comes on the back of more than three consecutive droughts which have decimated crop production and pasture in most arid and semi-arid areas. The overall situation is further aggravated by growing conflicts. The number of affected people is estimated at more than 20 million.
- Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates are increasing, reaching alarming levels. In some areas of Kenya, they have exceeded 15 per cent and are at about 20 per cent in central Somalia and the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Meanwhile, food consumption and diet diversity are declining in Somalia and Kenya.
- Successive tropical storms in the Philippines, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, an earthquake in Indonesia and a tsunami in Samoa have caused significant destructions and population displacement. The death toll is rising.
- In India, Nepal and Pakistan, the number of food insecure people is expected to increase as the performance of summer crops is projected to be substantially lower that average due to late and erratic monsoon rains. Food consumption and diet diversity are declining in Nepal.
- El Niño effects are resulting in drier than normal conditions in parts of Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua but could cause wetter conditions in East Africa and parts of South America in the coming months. This could be beneficial unless rains cause flooding, leading to destructions and displacements. In Southern Africa, El Ninõ may cause drier conditions during the rainy season, which starts in October.
- As a result of the global economic downturn and high food prices, an additional 100 million people suffer from hunger and malnutrition in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. The situation is expected to persist through 2010.