El Salvador

USAID fact sheet: Assistance to El Salvador

News and Press Release
Originally published
FY 1998
FY 1999
FY 2000
FY 2001
FY 2002
FY 2003
Total in US$ Millions

The USAID El Salvador program is focused on the alleviation of rural poverty with emphasis on the needs of women and children; 55 percent of the rural populace falls below the internationally recognized poverty line.

Economic Growth: USAID programs are combating poverty by creating viable income-generating activities for the rural poor through the promotion of sound economic policies, access to credit for micro and small businesses and farmers, and assistance to farmers to diversify crops and improve technology and marketing skills. In tandem, USAID is providing essential rural infrastructure such as farm-to-market roads, irrigation systems, and levees, while working to improve access to quality basic education.

Democracy: USAID is working to promote democracy, rule of law, and active citizen participation in government. Program activities include: (a) judicial training and implementation of new criminal and penal codes, (b) equipping police for community policing initiative to reduce crime, (c) strengthening municipal governments to better serve citizens, (d) working with legislature to establish constituent outreach offices, and (e) collaborating with NGOs to encourage greater participation in public policy formulation. USAID is also promoting transparency through the development of a government ethics code and oversight office and implementation of a single national identity card that will provide for more accurate electoral rolls.

Health of Women and Children: USAID is working with the Ministry of Health and the NGO community to improve and expand primary health care, particularly in rural areas, and reduce child mortality. Program activities are also strengthening and expanding reproductive health and family planning services, reducing reproductive health problems through improved safe motherhood and birth outcomes, addressing HIV/AIDS education, and supporting efforts to treat and control the spread of dengue fever.

Water & Environment: The Mission's multi-faceted, integrated water program includes four mutually reinforcing components designed to increase rural access to safe water. Activities to date have resulted in the expansion and rehabilitation of 87 rural potable water systems, improved municipal management of water systems, and community education on the causes of unclean water and the solutions thereto. Watershed conservation work is also addressing soil conservation, reforestation, and use of organic farming methods.

Disaster and Reconstruction: The focus of the USAID response to Hurricane Mitch in 1998 included efforts to stimulate economic activity, the restoration of basic community infrastructure and services, improved environmental management, and disaster preparedness. The $24.8 million program was concluded ahead of schedule, meeting or exceeding all targets. The current $167 million earthquake reconstruction effort, subject of a separate fact sheet, includes the construction of up to 25,000 houses for the Salvadoran poor.

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