El Salvador

El Salvador: Floods and Volcanic Activity Appeal No. 05EA020 Operations Update No. 3


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in 185 countries.

In Brief

Period covered: 6 May to 31 July, 2006;

Appeal target: CHF 1,288,347 (USD 1,000,432 OR EUR 835,891);

Appeal coverage: 69.6%; Outstanding needs: CHF 391,274 (USD 303,855 or EUR 254,074)

Appeal history:

- Launched on 6 October 2005 for CHF 487,000 (USD 379,789 or EUR 315,055) for 4 months to assist 21,000 beneficiaries (4,200 families).

- Budget was increased to CHF 1,288,347 (USD 1,000,432 or EUR 835,891) and the operation was extended by 2 months to 6 April 2006

- Operation extended by one month, until 6 May 2006, in mid December

- Operation extended by 4 months on 6 May 2006 until 6 September 2006; Final Report is therefore due on 6 December 2006.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 149,000 (USD 114,820 or EUR 96,262).

This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Operational Summary:

The emergency phase of the El Salvador Floods and Volcanic Activity operation has been completed, and the Salvadorean Red Cross Society (SRCS) is using appeal funding to develop rehabilitation projects in the areas of health and water systems.

Activities within the health initiative include Medical and Dental Brigades with a focus on providing diagnosis and proper primary health care, and are accompanied by disease prevention and dental hygiene campaigns. These brigades are being carried out in the municipality of Panchimalco with the support of the Panchimalco Health Unit.

Three water projects are being implemented in the districts of San Pedro Las Flores, Ojos de Agua and Santo Tomás, which seek to improve, build, and repair water systems to provide communities with potable water. Two other water projects in El Copinol and Matazano consist of developing water storage systems for communities with seasonal access to clean water. All participating communities have been organized into committees that will manage the operational costs of these projects once the SRCS has finished its work and communities are providing the labor in all five projects.

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.


In October 2005, El Salvador was affected by two serious natural disasters within one week. The disaster situation began on 1 October, when the Ilamatepec volcano began hurling out hot lava and rocks, killing at least two people and forcing more than 2,000 to flee. After the volcanic events, heavy rains set in as a result of the passing of Hurricane Stan in the first week of October, which caused flooding and landslides that killed at least 69 people in 11 departments. Ash expelled by the Ilametepec volcano (also known as Santa Ana) was carried away by the strong south-south-westerly wind, affecting the municipalities of Nahuizalco, Juayua and La Hachadura in the departments of Sonsonate and Ahuachapán.

The National Emergency Committee (COEN - Comité de Emergencia Nacional) declared a red alert in an area within 4,000 metres of the volcano, and a yellow alert in other nearby areas, home to close to 20,000 people. A red alert was also declared because of the intense rains caused by Hurricane Stan and the severe flooding which occurred in some 12 departments in El Salvador. The National Legislative Assembly declared a "State of Public Calamity and National Disaster", effective 4 October, 2005.

Federation Coordination

The Salvadorean Red Cross Society is part of the National Emergency System (SISNAE - Sistema Nacional de Emergencias), which coordinates all disaster response activities on behalf of the Salvadorean government through the Emergency Operations Centre. The SRCS emergency response to the disaster situation was successful because of an efficient coordination with international organizations including the United Nations agencies and NGOs. Funding was received bilaterally and through the Federation through the appeal, and efforts were closely coordinated between the Panama Regional Delegation, the Pan American Disaster Response Unit (PADRU), bilateral donors (Spanish Red Cross, Spanish International Cooperation Agency, Swiss Red Cross, and German Red Cross) and the Salvadorean Red Cross Society. Working within the framework of the appeal, almost 12,000 families were reached by bilateral and Federation efforts. The Salvadorean Red Cross Society continues to implement the rehabilitation phase of this operation, funded by recent donations towards the appeal.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In El Salvador: Miguel Vega, National Relief Director, Salvadorean Red Cross Society, San Salvador; phone (503) 2219-2200, fax(503) 222-7758, email miguel.vega@cruzrojasal.org.sv

In Guatemala: Roy Venegas, Regional Coordinator of Hurricane Stan and El Salvador Floods & Volcano Operations, Guatemala City; phone (502) 2220-0672, fax (502) 22380091, email roy.venegas@ifrc.org

In Panama: Stephen McAndrew, Coordinator, Pan American Disaster Response Unit, Panama; phone (507) 316- 1001, fax (507) 316-1082, email stephen.mcandrew@ifrc.org,

In Geneva: Luis Luna, Federation Regional Officer, Americas Department, Geneva; phone (4122) 730-4274, fax (41 22) 733-0392, email luis.luna@ifrc.org

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

(pdf* format - 316 KB)