El Salvador

El Salvador: Floods and Volcanic Activity Appeal No. 05EA020 Final Report


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in 185 countries.

In Brief

Final Report; Period covered: 6 October 2005 to 31 April 2007; Final appeal coverage: 69.6%.

Appeal history:

- Launched on 6 October 2005 for CHF 487,000 (USD 379,789 or EUR 315,055) for 4 months to assist 21,000 beneficiaries (4,200 families).

- Budget was increased to CHF 1,288,347 (USD 1,000,432 or EUR 835,891) and the operation was extended by 2 months to 6 April 2006

- Operation extended by one month, until 6 May 2006, in mid December

- Operation extended by 4 months on 6 May 2006 until 6 September 2006.

- Operation extended until 31 April 2007.

- Disaster Relief Emergency Funds (DREF) allocated: CHF 149,000 (USD 114,820 or EUR 96,262).

Operational Summary: The emergency phase of the El Salvador Floods and Volcanic Activity operation has been completed. The Salvadorean Red Cross Society (SRCS) used appeal funding to develop rehabilitation projects in the areas of health and water systems. Three water projects were implemented in the districts of San Pedro Las Flores, Ojos de Agua and Santo Tomás, which aimed to improve, build, and repair water systems to provide communities with potable water. Two other water projects in El Copinol and Matazano consisted of developing water storage systems for communities with seasonal access to clean water. All participating communities were organized into committees that will manage the operational costs of these projects once the SRCS has finished its work.

Activities within the health initiative included visits by Medical and Dental Brigades with a focus on providing diagnosis and proper primary health care, and were accompanied by disease prevention and dental hygiene campaigns. These brigades visited communities in the municipality of Panchimalco with the support of the Panchimalco Health Unit. Furthermore, psychosocial and educational support has been provided, and a special focus on Disaster Preparedness for Response developed to prepare both the National Society and the communities for disasters in the future.

This operation is aligned with the International Federation's Global Agenda, which sets out four broad goals to meet the Federation's mission to "improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity".

Global Agenda Goals:

- Reduce the numbers of deaths, injuries and impact from disasters.

- Reduce the number of deaths, illnesses and impact from diseases and public health emergencies.

- Increase local community, civil society and Red Cross Red Crescent capacity to address the most urgent situations of vulnerability.

- Reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion and promote respect for diversity and human dignity.

Background and Summary

This final report covers the activities undertaken between 6 October 2005 and 31 April 2007 in El Salvador as part of the El Salvador: Floods and Volcanic Activity appeal. During the implementation, six Operations Updates have been posted on the International Federation's website (http://www.ifrc.org) highlighting the progress of the activities.

El Salvador was struck by two natural disasters in October 2005. Firstly, on 1 October the Ilamatepec volcano started hurling hot lava rocks, leading to the deaths of at least two people and forcing more than 2,000 to flee. Secondly, the country experienced heavy rains as a result of the passage of Hurricane Stan through the region in the first week of October. This caused flooding and landslides that killed at least 69 people in 11 departments. Ash expelled by the Ilametepec volcano (also known as Santa Ana) was carried away by the strong south-southwesterly wind, affecting the municipalities of Nahuizalco, Juayua and La Hachadura in the departments of Sonsonate and Ahuachapán.

The National Emergency Committee (COEN - Comité de Emergencia Nacional) issued a red alert in an area within 4,000 metres of the volcano, and a yellow alert in other nearby areas, home to approximately 20,000 people. Subsequently, a second red alert was issued because of the intense rains caused by Hurricane Stan and the severe flooding which occurred in some 12 departments in El Salvador. The National Legislative Assembly declared a "State of Public Calamity and National Disaster", effective 4 October 2005.

The rainy season in El Salvador generally runs from the end of May through to the middle of October. In 2005, the rainy season began in mid May and was particularly heavy; according to the National Service of Territorial Studies (Servicio Nacional de Estudios Territoriales- SNET), the country received 500 percent more rain during September than the historical average for that month. This was perhaps aided by the passing in May of the first storm of the hurricane season in the eastern north pacific.

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In El Salvador: Miguel Vega, National Relief Director, Salvadorean Red Cross Society, San Salvador; phone (503)2219-2200, fax(503) 222-7758, email miguel.vega@cruzrojasal.org.sv

In Guatemala: Roy Venegas, Regional Coordinator of Hurricane Stan and El Salvador Floods & Volcano Operations, Guatemala City; phone (502) 2220-0672, fax (502) 22380091, email roy.venegas@ifrc.org

In Panama: Stephen McAndrew, Coordinator, Pan American Disaster Response Unit, Panama; phone (507) 316- 1001, fax (507) 316-1082, email stephen.mcandrew@ifrc.org

In Geneva: Luis Luna, Federation Regional Officer, Americas Department, Geneva; phone (4122) 730-4274, fax (4122) 733-0392, email luis.luna@ifrc.org

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO's) in Disaster Relief and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For longer-term programmes in this or other countries or regions, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or operations in this or other countries, or for national society profiles, please also access the Federation's website at http://www.ifrc.org

For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal.