El Salvador

El Salvador: Drought Operation n° MDRSV010 - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) Final Report

Situation Report
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Emergency Appeal Final Report n° MDRSV010

Date of issue: 25 May 2017

Disaster date: 2013 to 2016

Operation start date: 3 March 2016

(operation ended 28 February 2017)

Summary of modifications made to the emergency plan of action:

Due to the appeal’s limited coverage, a budget adjustment was made prioritizing the most relevant activities based on the CHF 268,661 in collected funds, which corresponded to 12 per cent of the CHF 2,281,136 needed to implement the drought appeal’s plan of action; the focus was placed on disaster risk reduction, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion and food security.

These actions were focused on nine communities in the department of San Miguel, following up on previous actions implemented through the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) plan of action, prioritizing communities in the northern San Miguel (535 families) La Isla, San Jacinto, La San Jacinteña, Concepción Corozal and Altomiro and in the El Progreso district (400 families- Las Unidas, El Cuatro, Los Treinta and El Uno) in the southern part of the municipality.

Disaster risks reduction line (A0101) Community civil defense commissions were created under this line. Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment (VCA) workshops were held, and they were the basis for identifying possible micro- projects to be implemented in the nine communities; the workshops were related to adaptability actions in the face of climate change, good agricultural practices, and composting, among other topics.

Water, sanitation and hygiene promotion line (A0401). Activities were also carried out to create water committees in each of the communities, training them on water and sanitation issues through the Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) methodology. In each of the assisted regions, 9 temporary tanks and 170 water collection systems were installed.

Organizational capacity building line (A0801). The DREF and emergency appeal proposal writing workshop was held under this line, with the objective of having a multidisciplinary group that supported the writing of DREF plans of action and emergency appeal that fulfilled the requirements defined by the IFRC.

Food security and livelihood line (A0602). 759 food kits were delivered to support the families affected by the drought under this line, and a pilot cash transfer programme (CTP) was implemented with 141 families.

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Since 2013, El Salvador has been affected by drought, mainly in its eastern region; nevertheless, the situation has worsened since May 2014, causing significant corn and bean crops losses and generating a high rate of food and economic insecurity because these crops are an important source of sustenance and income for agricultural families. In 2016, irregular rains were registered in El Salvador for the fifth consecutive year. In 2016 annual rainfall reached 1,510 mm, which is considerably lower than the 1,867-mm annual average. Even though a major meteorological drought was not registered, 2015 was one of El Salvador’s three driest years since recordkeeping began in the country.

From June to October 2016, there was irregular precipitation nationwide, which delayed the planting period; however, this precipitation generated sufficient humidity to plant the corn crops; simultaneously, there were short periods, which lasted between 5 to 10 days, with little or no precipitation; despite the limited rainfall, the agricultural families in eastern El Salvador managed to see an improvement in 2016’s second harvest compared to 2015. Nevertheless, the entire country is estimated to face acute food insecurity until at least May 2017 per Fews Net.