El Salvador

El Salvador: Chikungunya and dengue fever outbreak Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) Update Operation n° MDRSV007

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Summary: On 2 July 2014, 167,572 Swiss francs were allocated from the IFRC Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Salvadorean Red Cross Society (SRCS) in the delivery of immediate assistance for up to 25,000 people. Un-earmarked funds to repay the DREF are encouraged. The operation’s implementation timeframe was extended by an additional month in order to continue with response actions and strengthen the affected population’s organizing and community-based surveillance.

The SRCS responded by conducting evaluations and coordinating and implementing humanitarian assistance to strengthen the population's capacity to prevent and control the dengue and chikungunya outbreaks. In addition, the SRCS delivered cleaning kits to promote breeding site elimination and fumigation campaigns to 7,099 families in 37 communities, 30 schools and 6 prisons in the municipalities of San Salvador, Ilopango, Sonzacate, Sonsonate and El Carmen in the departments of San Salvador, Sonsonate and Cuscatlán, as well to 57 Salvadorean Red Cross Society branches.

According to current data from the Ministry of Health, the chikungunya and dengue virus has spread quickly. Up until now, there have been 29,704 suspected cases of chikungunya in more than 14 departments and 237 municipalities (90 per cent of the country's municipalities), of which 123 have been confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States. In addition, 41,532 suspected cases of dengue fever have been reported, which is twice as many cases (20,758 cases) that were reported over the same period in 2013: 12,483 confirmed cases, 153 cases of severe dengue and 4 deaths in 2014.

In view of this significant increase, the National Civil Protection System and the Ministry of Health issued a new nationwide alert on 18 September for the implementation of a targeted plan against mosquitoes that transmit dengue and chikungunya. An orange alert was declared in 27 municipalities, a yellow alert in 76 and a green alert in the 159 remaining municipalities. Every municipality in the country has been under some kind of alert. Alert levels varied according to the level of propagation and the detection of cases.

The IFRC, on behalf of the National Society (NS), would like to thank the Canadian Red Cross, the government of Canada and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) for their generous contributions to replenish the allocation made to this operation. The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Australian, American and Belgian governments, the Austrian Red Cross, the Canadian Red Cross and government, Danish Red Cross and government, the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), the Irish and the Italian governments, the Japanese Red Cross Society, the Luxembourg government, the Monaco Red Cross and government, the Netherlands Red Cross and government, the Norwegian Red Cross and government, the Spanish Government, the Swedish Red Cross and government, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), the Medtronic and Z Zurich Foundations, and other corporate and private donors. The IFRC, on behalf of the National Society, would like to thank everyone for their generous contributions. The Canadian Red Cross and government as well as AECID have partially replenished this DREF operation.