The food security situation in Central America is worsening due to a meteorological drought at a critical moment of the productive cycle.
In El Salvador, red alert has been declared in 143 municipalities in 12 departments, with losses in corn production affecting 77 322 producers. Guatemala is possibly facing the driest July ever recorded. The drought has affected more than 100 000 families so far who are at risk of food insecurity, according to SESAN (Secretariat of Food and Nutritional Security). Over 80% of the corn and beans production for family consumption has been lost in some areas. A comprehensive food security assessment is under preparation.
In Honduras the first Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) at a Chronic Scale (April 2018) estimates that 9 of the 10 departments of the Dry Corridor are in level 3. 23% of the households analysed are in levels 3 (17%) or 4 (6%). For these households with low purchasing power, food consumption shows a deficit of food energy for at least 2 months and an inadequate daily consumption. 35% of households are in Level 2.
In Nicaragua, no quantified data on the agricultural losses linked to the drought are yet available. Furthermore, producers have not planted in the usual quantity due to instability in the country, entailing difficult mobility, as well as limited access to credit and to agricultural inputs.