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Middle East & North Africa: Civil Unrest Emergency appeal n° MDR82001 Operations update n° 6

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Period covered by this Ops Update: 12 April – 4 May 2011

Revised Emergency Appeal target: CHF 12,269,102; the multilateral element of the appeal is for CHF 11,591,972.

Appeal coverage: 85% Note: This is a provisional figure; contributions are being recorded.

Appeal history:

. The Emergency Appeal was launched on a preliminary basis on 1 March 2011 for CHF 4,400,000 for six months to assist 100,000 beneficiaries.

. The total of CHF 59,374 was allocated from the IFRC Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support this operation.

. On 24 March, the IFRC issued a Revised Emergency Appeal for CHF 12,269,102 (CHF 11,591,972 multilateral) to assist 150,000 beneficiaries in the region until December 2011.

Summary and key messages:

Violence between government and opposition forces persists in Libya with escalation at Wazin near the Libya-Tunisia border. Demonstrations and protests are continuing in other countries in the region. An upcoming revised appeal will include Syria and Yemen. As of 4 May, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) stated that 710,408 individuals have migrated from Libya to Tunisia, Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Niger and Sudan. Of these, over 339,223 individuals (48%) have arrived in Tunisia. To assist with the influx, activities of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) continue in Tunisia.

There has been a significant decrease in the number of third country nationals (TCNs) fleeing Libya into Tunisia. As of 4 May, 4,991 TCNs remain at the three transit camps near Ras Jdir in Tunisia, a reduction of 60% since the Operations Update of 12 April.

The number of Libyans crossing into Tunisia near the more southern border point at Dhehiba has increased with more than 44,000 people arriving since 6 April. Humanitarian organisations have opened two camps to provide people with food and other essential items at Dhehiba and Remada that is approximately 47 km further west within Tunisia. According to UNHCR on 4 May, the two camps are accommodating 2,421 Libyans, however the number fluctuates daily.