As of 30 June 2020, 258,816 refugees and asylum seekers from 57 countries of origin were registered with UNHCR Egypt.
Half of the registered refugees and asylum-seekers are from Syria. In 2020, 6,143 people have been newly registered with UNHCR Egypt.
Most refugees and asylumseekers in Egypt live in the urban areas of Greater Cairo and on the North Coast.
Increased vulnerabilities during COVID-19 pandemic
The majority of refugees and asylum-seekers in Egypt were already very vulnerable prior to the outbreak of COVID-19 and immediately felt the impact of the changed environment. Many have lost their sources of income and cannot afford to buy sufficient basic supplies or pay their rent. In the current circumstances, unaccompanied and separated children are becoming even more vulnerable. Cases of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) are on the rise. Elderly people and people with special needs and medical conditions are among the most affected groups by the pandemic.
UNHCR Egypt analyzed all inquiries received through phone and e-mails during the month of May. Out of a total of 10,989 inquiries, most pertained to job loss (15%), food unaffordability (13%), risk of eviction or having already been evicted (6%) and other socio-economic and protection needs (4%). Among the refugees and asylum-seekers who contacted UNHCR, 62 per cent (4,648 people) reported that they were in need of food and cash assistance.
In addition, UNHCR surveyed 446 refugees to identify information needs and access barriers to services. This situation monitoring exercise also informed UNHCR of individual experiences with COVID-19 and communal responses, the support required and refugee expectations from UNHCR and partners. Findings from the survey helped ensure that the operational response was informed by refugee voices and concerns.
The support provided by UNHCR and partners in Egypt in response to these increased vulnerabilities is outlined in an inter-agency pictogram