Ecuador

Ecuador: Volcanic Ashfall Early Action Protocol summary

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Situation Report
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The IFRC’s Programme and Operations Division has approved the Early Action Protocol (EAP) for Ecuadorian Red Cross (ERC) with a timeframe of five years and a budget of CHF 246,586; consisting of CHF 140,660 for readiness and pre-positioning and CHF 105,926 for early action.

The EAP shall be funded from the IFRC’s Forecast based Action Fund (by the DREF) where allocations shall be drawn on annual basis to cover readiness and pre-positioning cost and as a one off upon trigger to implement early actions.

SUMMARY OF THE EARLY ACTION PROTOCOL

This Early Action Plan aims to establish appropriate early action using volcanic ash dispersal and deposition forecasts that benefit the most vulnerable families in the most potentially affected areas.

Ecuador is a country that is under the influence of several natural hazards due to its geographical location, atmospheric dynamics and geological characteristics. The country has historically faced several important events such as floods, water deficit, earthquakes, volcanic activity and landslides, among others, which leave thousands of people affected and generates millions of dollars in losses.
This EAP focuses on the fall of volcanic ash due to the threat it represents for Ecuador.

Ecuador is a country with a high density of volcanoes. In the last catalogue (Bernard and Andrade, 2011) there are 84 volcanic centers, of which 24 are considered as potentially active, that is to say, that they have had an eruptive activity the last 11 700 years. The methodology developed by Ewert (2007) included 12 factors to evaluate volcanic danger, 3 factors to evaluate volcanic agitation and 9 factors to evaluate exposure.

The following map identifies the volcanoes that have a high and very high threat of falling volcanic ash.