Ecuador: Population Movement Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) n° MDREC013

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

There are an estimated 90,000 migrants in Ecuador; in January 2018, an average of 1,800 migrants arrived per day, and 180,000 migrants arrived in Ecuador between January and March 2018, compared to 230,000 arrivals in all of 2017.

Based on the increased migration to Ecuador in 2018 and the results from detailed assessments carried out by the National Society (with support of the IFRC office in Quito), in the southern part of the Ecuador at the beginning of June 2018 and a simultaneous assessment carried out by the ICRC in Ecuador’s northern border area with Colombia, a Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) request has been developed to respond to the population movement in Ecuador. The information and data collected through the assessment has been shared and coordinated with other actors and is a result of the surge deployment (supported by the DREF) to the Americas Regional Office to respond to and support National Societies affected by the population movement in the region. At the same time, the proposed intervention strategy is covering the gap in the t assistance that is being provided by other actors in the areas, and it will establish the basis of the National Society’s longer-term engagement in responding to the situation depending upon the evolving situation.

Ecuador has the Organic Law on Human Mobility (LOMH), which is considered the first organic body that establishes favourable norms for both Ecuadorians abroad and in country and foreigners in Ecuadorian territory, with changes to rights and duties. This law establishes the regulation of the exercise of rights, obligations, institutional framework and mechanisms linked to people in movement, including migrants, immigrants, people in transit, Ecuadorian returnees, people requiring international protection, and victims of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants and their families.

Despite the existence of policies that migrant populations have a right to health, education and employment, among other areas, their migratory status needs to be regularized.

Migrants passing through Ecuador can access sanitary facilities (sinks and toilets, but not showers) in public transportation terminals in cities they are travelling through. However, there have been some issues regarding the ability to meet demand, especially in Tulcán, Quito and Guayaquil, both because of the number of sanitary facilities and damage to the facilities.

The following intervention locations were identified from various meetings and field assessments.