Ecuador: Earthquake Situation Report No. 06 (through 23 April 2016)



  • Total deaths are registered at 654 and injuries at 16,601. 58 persons are still reported missing and 6,998 buildings destroyed. The number of persons in shelters has increased to 25,640.

  • According to the population census of 2016 and preliminary evaluations that 13% of Esmeraldas and Manabí (some 220,000 persons) are affected by the earthquake.

  • United Nations, together with humanitarian partners, have launched an appeal for US$72.7 million to assist 350,000 of the most affected persons, for an initial 3-month period.

  • Funds received will be utilized to respond in the following sectors: shelter and NFIs, WASH, CCCM, Food Security,
    Health, Protection, Education, Early Recover, Logistics and Coordination.

  • US$7 million have been allotted from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).

  • The Humanitarian Country Team, with the support of the UNDAC team and other humanitarian partners are moving forward with the multi-sector rapid evaluation process.

Panorama of the situation

A week since the earthquake (7.8 magnitude, April 16) that left 654 people dead and 58 disappeared, priority actions continue to be focused on survivors. Preliminary evaluations are underway in coordination with national authorities and international teams that support the operation, in parallel to immediate assistance to those affected.

Search operations rescued 113 live persons. No live rescues have been made in the past four days. On April 22 the Government declared the demobilization of international USAR teams. National teams remain operative considering the aftershocks that could cause the collapse of damaged buildings. Only two international teams (Spain and Colombia) remain operational in the country as contingency. USAR teams and others with medical capacity that are considering remaining in Ecuador must coordinate with EMTCC/CICOM and the Ministry of Health.

Some 788 aftershocks have been registered, 6 have been of a 6 or greater magnitude.
Greatest damages and the largest number of affected populations are reported in the province of Manabí (596 deaths and 21,130 in shelters), the most affected cities are Pedernales, Manta and Portoviejo.

The Government of Ecuador maintains a State of National Exception and a National Emergency Declaration for the six provinces: Esmeraldas, Manabí, Santa Elena, Guayas, Santo Domingo and Los Ríos. Additionally, 16,601 injured persons have been given attention in the Ministry of Public Health, 25,640 people in shelters, 6,998 destroyed building, 281 affected schools and multiple damages to roadway and infrastructure.

Continued needs include: provision of potable water, medical assistance, material and items for shelter and temporary shelter solutions, food assistance, protection, education in emergencies and also the removal of debris to support early recovery efforts. Additionally, needs exist in logistics, particularly the management of stock and coordination of transportation.

Restrictions in potable water, sanitary conditions, debris and exposure to the elements of the population given their losses in shelter generate a potential risk for diseases transmitted by water, vectors and food.

Nine hospitals from the Ministry of Public Health (MSP) and the Ecuador Social Security Institute (IESS) have severe infrastructure damage and are not operational. The health system is on Maximum Alert to attend to the population.


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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