Ecuador

Ecuador - Earthquake Information Report No.5

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Ref: DHAGVA - 96/0101
SITUATION

1. FIVE AFTERSHOCKS OF MAGNITUDE GREATER THAN 4 DEGREES IN RICHTER SCALE OCCURRED BETWEEN 2 AND 9 APRIL 1996. AS A CONSEQUENCE OF THESE AFTERSHOCKS, APPROXIMATELY 100 ALREADY DAMAGED HOUSES COLLAPSED. SO FAR MORE THAN 740 AFTERSHOCKS HAVE BEEN REGISTERED BY THE INSTITUTE OF GEOPHYSICS.

2. ON 8 APRIL 1996 THE UN RESIDENT COORDINATOR AND TWO UNDAC IN-COUNTRY TEAM MEMBERS VISITED THE DISASTER AREA IN ORDER TO EVALUATE THE RELIEF OPERATION AND ASSESS PRESENT NEEDS. SHELTER AND SANITATION CONTINUE TO BE THE MOST CRITICAL AREAS WHERE EMERGENCY RELIEF ASSISTANCE IS STILL REQUIRED.

3. AFFECTED POPULATION IS NOW LIVING IN HIGHLY CROWDED TENTS AND TEMPORARY SHELTERS BUILT OUT OF PLASTIC SHEETING AND TARPAULIN. SANITARY CONDITIONS IN MOST ACCOMMODATION AREAS ARE VERY POOR.

4. SEARCH AND RESCUE BRIGADES AND DISASTER MANAGERS DEALING WITH THE EARTHQUAKE EMERGENCY HAVE HAD TO BE DISPATCHED TO THE COTOPAXI VOLCANO WHERE A SNOW AVALANCHE KILLED 14 TOURISTS. THIS SITUATION HAS PUT MORE STRAIN ON THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE (EOC).

NATIONAL RESPONSE

5. COORDINATION AND LOGISTICS HAVE IMPROVED SIGNIFICANTLY DURING THE LAST COUPLE OF DAYS BUT MANY AREAS REMAIN UNDER-ATTENDED. THE UNDAC TEAM CONTINUES TO PROVIDE SUPPORT TO THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE (EOC) TO ENSURE BETTER DISTRIBUTION OF RELIEF SUPPLIES AND INTER-INSTITUTIONAL COORDINATION.

6. THE ECUADORIAN RED CROSS AND THE CASA CAMPESINA OF PUJILI, A CATHOLIC ORGANIZATION, HAVE ASSUMED RESPONSIBILITY FOR PROVISION OF FOOD AND SHELTER IN THE AREA OF PUJILI AND CUSUBAMBA.

7. 404 TENTS, 10 PEOPLE CAPACITY, WERE PURCHASED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF ECUADOR.

ON-SITE LEVEL INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE

8. EIGHT TEMPORARY COMMUNITY SHELTERS FOR 9 FAMILIES EACH (BETWEEN 50-60 PEOPLE) WILL BE CONSTRUCTED BY UNDP IN SELECTED COMMUNITIES THAT WERE HARDEST HIT BY THE EARTHQUAKE. THESE CAN BE LATER USED AS SCHOOLS, HEALTH FACILITIES OR DESTINED TO OTHER SERVICES THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE COMMUNITIES' DEVELOPMENT.

9. 196 TENTS WERE PURCHASED BY UNDHA WITH THE USD 65,000 CONTRIBUTION BY THE GERMAN GOVERNMENT. THESE TENTS WILL BE DISTRIBUTED IMMEDIATELY TO THE AREAS WHERE THE NEED FOR SHELTER IS STILL CRITICAL.

10. A COORDINATION AND INFORMATION EXCHANGE MEETING WITH THE PARTICIPATION OF REPRESENTATIVES OF DONOR GOVERNMENTS, BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL ORGANIZATIONS, AND INTERNATIONAL NGOS WAS CONVENED BY THE UN RESIDENT COORDINATOR ON 9 APRIL 1996.

URGENT NEEDS

11. DUE TO COLD WEATHER AND STRONG WINDS IN HIGH ALTITUDE, SHELTERS MADE UP WITH TENTS AND PLASTICS MUST BE COMPLEMENTED BY SOME MORE RESISTANT TEMPORARY STRUCTURES IN ORDER TO OFFER SOME IMPROVED CONDITIONS TO THE MOST VULNERABLE GROUPS AFFECTED BY THE DISASTER. THE OPTION OF COMMUNAL TEMPORARY SHELTER WAS DISCUSSED AND STRONGLY ENDORSED BY BOTH THE CONCERNED AUTHORITIES AND THE RURAL POPULATION. UNDP/DHA FIELD REPRESENTATIVE AND UNDAC TEAM MEMBERS PROPOSE THE CONSTRUCTION OF 60 MORE OF THESE COMMUNITY SHELTERS. UNITARY COST ESTIMATED AT USD 10,000 A TOTAL OF USD 600,000 IS NEEDED FOR THIS PURPOSE TO ACCOMMODATE AROUND 3,500 MOST NEEDY PEOPLE.

12. ADDITIONAL RESOURCES ARE NEEDED FOR THE RE-ESTABLISHMENT OF ESSENTIAL SERVICES SUCH AS: REPAIR OF BASIC WATER SUPPLY, REPAIR OF SMALL AGRICULTURAL STRUCTURES DESTROYED, EMERGENCY LATRINES, MEDIUM-SIZE WATER CONTAINERS (500-1000LTS).

13. CONTRIBUTIONS RECEIVED SINCE SITUATION REPORT NO.4

GOVERNMENTS
CHILE AIRLIFT OF 60 TENTS (ONEMI), 2000 BLANKETS 200 MATTRESSES, 6 TENTS (R. CROSS) ++
ITALY CASH GRANT THROUGH DHA FOR PURCHASE OF RELIEF SUPPLIES USD 40,000
KOREA EMERGENCY GRANT FOR PURCHASE OF RELIEF SUPPLIES USD 20,000
MEXICO FOOD (4 MT), 950 BLANKETS AND USED CLOTHING ++
PARAGUAY 500 BLANKETS ++
SWITZERLAND EMERGENCY GRANT THROUGH FEPP (LOCAL NGO) USD 50,000
VENEZUELA AIRLIFT OF FOOD AND RELIEF SUPPLIES ++

14. DHA IS PREPARED TO SERVE AS CHANNEL FOR CASH CONTRIBUTIONS TO BE USED DURING IMMEDIATE RELIEF PHASE. FUNDS ARE SPENT IN COORDINATION WITH RELEVANT ORGANIZATIONS OF U.N. SYSTEM, AND DHA PROVIDES DONOR GOVERNMENTS WITH WRITTEN CONFIRMATION ON UTILIZATION OF FUNDS CONTRIBUTED.

15. FUNDS SHOULD BE TRANSFERRED TO DHA ACCOUNT NO. C0-590.160.1 AT SWISS BANK CORPORATION, CASE POSTALE 2770, CH-1211 GENEVA 2, WITH REFERENCE: ECUADOR - EARTHQUAKE, DHA-GENEVA.

16. FOR COORDINATION PURPOSES, DONORS ARE REQUESTED TO INFORM DHA-GENEVA, AS INDICATED BELOW, OF BILATERAL RELIEF MISSIONS/PLEDGES/CONTRIBUTIONS AND THEIR CORRESPONDING VALUE BY ITEM.

TELEPHONE NO: +41-22-917-1234

IN CASE OF EMERGENCY ONLY: TELEPHONE +41-22-917-2010

DESK OFFICER: MR. E. HAEGGLUND/ MR. C. PEREIRA, DIRECT TEL:+41-22-917-32.99 AND +41-22/ 917-13.83
PRESS TO CONTACT: MRS. MOULIN-ACEVEDO, TEL: +41-22-917-28-56

TELEX: 414242 DHA CH
FAX: +41-22-917-0023
ELECTRONIC MAIL: INTERNET DHAGVA AT UN.ORG

DPR 310 ECU'96 (1)