Ecuador

Ecuador - Earthquake Information Report No.2

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Ref: DHAGVA - 96/0097
1. A TWO-PERSON UNDAC IN-COUNTRY TEAM CONSISTING OF UNDP DEPUTY RESIDENT REPRESENTATIVE IN ECUADOR AND DHA REGIONAL TECHNICAL ADVISER/QUITO UNDERTOOK AN ASSESSMENT MISSION TO THE AFFECTED AREA ON 29 MARCH 1996.UNDAC TEAM REPORTS:

SITUATION

2. FOLLOWING THE MAIN QUAKE, OVER 400 AFTERSHOCKS WERE FELT IN THE REGION, SIX OF WHICH REGISTERED MAGNITUDES OF AROUND FOUR DEGREES.

3. THE HARDEST HIT AREAS ARE: PUJILI, SAN JUAN, ATOCHA, SANTA BARBARA, RUMIQUINCHE, CUTURIBI ALTO AND CUTURIBI BAJO, SAN ANTONIO, CACHI ALTO AND CACHI BAJO, NAZARETH, LA MERCED, PUCARA, ALPAMALAG, LA VICTORIA, TIOBAMBA, CALIFORNIA, LLACUBAMBA, LAGUAMATZA AND ISINCHE.

4. GREATEST DAMAGE CAUSED IN SECTORS OF HOUSING, ROADS AND WATER SUPPLY.

NATIONAL RESPONSE

5. THE NATIONAL DEFENCE SYSTEM STRONGLY SUPPORTED BY ARMED FORCES AND GOVERNOR'S OFFICE, ESTABLISHED AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE TO COORDINATE NATIONAL RESPONSE. ACTION TAKEN INCLUDED SEARCH AND RESCUE, EVACUATION OF DEAD AND INJURED PEOPLE, ASSESSMENT OF DAMAGE AND RELEASE OF PUBLIC INFORMATION. IN ADDITION, SUPPORT WAS ALSO PROVIDED BY NATIONAL RED CROSS, HAM RADIO NETWORK AS WELL AS UN SYSTEM. SUFFICIENT HUMAN RESOURCES WERE DEPLOYED FOR THIS OPERATION, HOWEVER, RESPONSE CAPACITY SEVERELY HAMPERED BY LACK OF FINANCIAL AND MATERIAL RESOURCES TO PROVIDE RELIEF COMMODITIES TO THE AFFECTED POPULATION.

EFFECTS ON POPULATION

6. OFFICIAL FIGURES REPORT:

  • 19 DEATHS.
  • 58 INJURED (VARYING DEGREES OF SEVERITY).
  • 1,000 (APPROXIMATELY) PEOPLE EVACUATED AWAY FROM THEIR HOMES.
  • 600 INDIGENOUS FAMILIES ARE REPORTED TO HAVE SOUGHT REFUGE IN AREAS INACCESSIBLE BY LAND.
  • 1,000 FAMILIES HAVE BEEN LEFT HOMELESS
IN TOTAL, APPROXIMATELY 15,000 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY THE DISASTER.

SHELTER

7. THE MOST DAMAGING EFFECTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE HAVE BEEN THE DESTRUCTION OF HOUSING. IN AREAS OF CONCENTRATION OF POPULATION SUCH AS PUJILI AND SAN JUAN, UP TO 85 PER CENT OF HOUSING HAS BEEN TOTALLY OR PARTIALLY DESTROYED (ALL CONSTRUCTION IN ADOBE) AND IS BY NO MEANS SUITABLE FOR EVEN TEMPORARY SHELTER DUE TO THE DANGER OF COLLAPSING WALLS.

8. IN SOME COMMUNITIES, 100 PER CENT OF THE HOUSES HAVE COLLAPSED. IM SMALL TOWNS, MAJORITY OF POPULATION HAS GATHERED IN OPEN SPACES SUCH AS THE MARKET PLACE OR THE STADIUM WITHOUT ANY SHELTER. SMALL ACCOMMODATION CENTRES MADE UP OF TENTS HAVE BEEN ORGANIZED IN SOME AREAS WITH VERY LIMITED CAPACITY FOR ACCOMMODATION. IT IS REPORTED THAT PEOPLE HAVE STARTED TO MOVE MASSIVELY IN SEARCH OF RELIEF ASSISTANCE, THUS POSSIBLY CAUSING PROBLEMS OF SUPPLY AND SERVICES AND ABANDONMENT OF AGRICULTURAL LAND.

9. SO FAR, WITH THE LIMITED NUMBER OF TENTS AVAILABLE, COVERAGE OF NEEDS IS ESTIMATED AT 15 PER CENT. LOCAL AVAILABILITY OF TENTS IS TOTALLY INSUFFICIENT TO MEET NEEDS. IN THE MEANTIME, UNDAC TEAM HAS REQUESTED THAT TENTS PROVIDED BY DHA DURING THE PAUTE EMERGENCY IN 1993 AND STORED IN CUENCA, BE MOVED TO LATACUNGA (TOTALLING 150 UNITS).

FOOD AND WATER SUPPLY

10. FOR THE POPULATION IN URBAN AND SEMI-URBAN AREAS, FOOD SUPPLY IS NOT YET CRITICAL. FOR THE POPULATION WHICH MOVED TO ISOLATED AREAS, FOOD SHORTAGE IS SEVERE.

11. THERE ARE AT LEAST 1,000 METRES OF WATER PIPES WHICH ARE REPORTED TO BE DAMAGED AFFECTING A POPULATION OF APPROXIMATELY 3,000 PEOPLE.

NETWORK OF ROADS AND BRIDGES

12. THROUGH AERIAL SURVEY, THE MISSION WAS ABLE TO VERIFY NUMEROUS SMALL LANDSLIDES BLOCKING SECONDARY ROADS IN AFFECTED AREAS AS WELL AS VARIOUS COLLAPSED BRIDGES WHICH MAKE ACCESS TO THESE COMMUNITIES IMPOSSIBLE BY LAND. EFFORTS HAVE STARTED FROM THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO REOPEN ROADS BUT MUCH IS STILL TO BE DONE.

HEALTH

13. WHO/PAHO MOBILIZED TWO CONSULTANTS TO EVALUATE DAMAGE AND TO ASSIST THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND OTHER HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN THE FIRST RESPONSE.

14. THE HOSPITAL OF PUJILI AND LATACUNGA ARE NOT AFFECTED AND THE PROVISION OF HEALTH SERVICES WITH MEDICAL RESOURCES IS AVAILABLE IN THE AREA.

15. THE HEALTH CENTRE OF YACUMBAMBA WAS SERIOUSLY AFFECTED. LA VICTORIA HEALTH CENTRE AND THE SAN GERARDO HEALTH CENTRE ARE OPERATING. NO NEWS HAS BEEN RECEIVED FROM THE ONCE DE NOVIEMBRE HEALTH CENTRE WHICH HAS REMAINED WITHOUT COMMUNICATION.

AGRICULTURE

16. NO VISIBLE DAMAGE TO CROPS WAS VERIFIED ALTHOUGH AGRICULTURAL INFRASTRUCTURE SUFFERED. FAO WILL CARRY OUT A MORE THOROUGH ASSESSMENT OF THIS SECTOR AND WILL REPORT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. NONETHELESS, THE FACT THAT RURAL POPULATION HAVE ABANDONED THEIR LANDS WILL BEAR CONSEQUENCES ON THE GENERAL PRODUCTION, CULTIVATION AND CATTLE.

EDUCATION

17. SCHOOL INFRASTRUCTURES ARE NOT REPORTED TO HAVE SUFFERED SEVERE DAMAGE AND SOME COULD BE USED AS TEMPORARY SHELTERS.

SUMMARY OF URGENT NEEDS

- 200 TENTS (10 PERSON CAPACITY) AS WELL AS ADDITIONAL PLASTIC SHEETING OR TARPAULINS, CORRUGATED IRON SHEETS AND SOME CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL AND TOOLS TO REHABILITATE SCHOOLS FOR ACCOMMODATION AND TO SET UP COMMUNAL TEMPORARY SHELTERS.

- FOOD SUPPLY IS REQUIRED TO ASSIST POPULATION IN REMOTE AND INACCESSIBLE AREAS, 20,000 FAMILY RATIONS TO COVER THE NEEDS OF 600 FAMILIES FOR ONE MONTH, WFP IS ABLE TO PROVIDE 5,000 FAMILY RATIONS TO BE DISPATCHED TO THOSE PRIORITY AREAS.

- 20-LITRE WATER CONTAINERS ARE REQUIRED IN AREAS WHERE SUPPLY WAS INTERRUPTED. ALSO THE HIRING OF WATER TANKERS (10 UNITS AT THIS INITIAL PHASE) IS NEEDED FOR DISTRIBUTION IN AREAS OF WATER SHORTAGES.

- ONE MONTH SUPPLY OF CHLORINE TABLES FOR 1,500 FAMILIES.

- 1,000 PETROMAX LAMPS FOR DISTRIBUTION TO COMMUNITIES WHERE ENERGY SUPPLY WAS CUT.

- EQUIPMENT TO SET UP 100 COMMUNAL KITCHENS IN ORDER TO PREPARE AND SERVE FOOD IN ACCOMMODATION CENTRES.

- FUNDS TO AIRLIFT DURING TWO WEEKS RELIEF SUPPLIES TO 600 FAMILIES IN ISOLATED AREAS NOT ACCESSIBLE BY LAND (US DOLLARS 150,000).

- FUNDS FOR GROUND TRANSPORTATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF RELIEF SUPPLIES (US DOLLARS 30,000).

- US DOLLARS 10,000 WORTH OF SOAP FOR WASHING AND PERSONAL HYGIENE.

- US DOLLARS 30,000 FOR THE REPAIR OF MEDICAL FACILITIES.

18. DONATIONS SHOULD BE CHANNELLED THROUGH THE PROVINCIAL EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE FOR COORDINATION AND DISTRIBUTION PURPOSES.

19. SO FAR THE GOVERNMENT HAS NOT REQUESTED DHA TO LAUNCH AN APPEAL FOR INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE.

CONTRIBUTIONS

UN SYSTEM USD
DHA EMERGENCY GRANT 30,000
UNDP EMERGENCY GRANT 50,000
UNICEF PROVISION OF SAFE WATER AND BLANKETS NO VALUE REPORTED
RED CROSS SOCIETIES
IFRC CONTRIBUTIONS FROM EMERGENCY FUND (SFr. 50,000) FOR THE LOCAL PROCUREMENT OF RELIEF SUPPLIES 41,322
COLOMBIAN RED CROSS AIRLIFT WITH BLANKETS, HOUSEHOLD ITEMS AND OTHER REPORTED RELIEF SUPPLIES FOR 500 PERSONS NO VALUE REPORTED

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