Ecuador: Earthquake - Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF Update no.° 6 Operation no.° MDREC012


Timeframe covered by this update: 1 May to 30 November 2017

A. Description of the disaster and the Red Cross Red Crescent response

  • 16 April 2016: A 7.8-magnitude earthquake (Mw) earthquake struck off Ecuador's north coast at 6:58 p.m. (local time).

  • 18 April 2016: IFRC allocated 405,778 Swiss francs of its Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to provide humanitarian relief to 40,000 people.

  • 20 April 2016: The first IFRC charter flight arrived in Ecuador with 64 tonnes of humanitarian aid.

  • 22 April 2016: The emergency appeal was launched for 18,350,836 Swiss francs to support 100,000 people for 12 months. Emergency Plan of Action Operation Update Ecuador: Earthquake Volunteers monitor the biodigester installed in Guadurnal (Esmeraldas). Source: ERC.

  • 10 May to 24 June 2016: Operations update No. 1, Operations update No. 2 and Operations update No. 3 were issued.

  • 16 October 2016: The Six-months report was issued.

  • 11 November 2016: The first Revised Emergency Appeal was issued for 15,085,628 Swiss francs to assist 85,324 people (21,331 families) and extend actions until August 2017.

  • 29 June 2017: The 12-month report was issued.

  • 09 August 2017: The IFRC issued a second Revised Emergency Appeal for 10,620,501 Swiss francs to assist 138,264 people with a timeframe extension until 22 April 2018.


The 7.8-magnitude earthquake (Mw) earthquake that struck Ecuador on 16 April 2016 led to the death of 663 people, 6,274 injured people and 383,090 people who were affected by this disaster. A total of 113 people were rescued alive and 9 people remain missing. Approximately 35,000 homes were destroyed or damaged and 28,775 people were relocated to collective centres. More than one million people were affected directly or indirectly by the earthquake.

As the epicentre spanned the Manabí and Esmeraldas provinces, the government declared Pedernales (Manabí) a disaster area in addition to declaring a state of emergency with a red alert in all of Manabí and Esmeraldas. The provinces of Santo Domingo, Los Ríos, Santa Elena, and Guayas were also under a state of emergency in the aftermath of the earthquake.

The ERC, with IFRC backing, immediately deployed its disaster response team to provide humanitarian support to hardest hit communities. The National Society implemented actions in search and rescue, damage assessment and needs analysis (DANA), pre-hospital and primary health care, psychosocial support, restoring of family links, relief and humanitarian shelter assistance, as well as water, sanitation and hygiene promotion.

Severe aftershocks on 19 May 2016 (6.8 magnitude), 30 June 2017 (6.3 magnitude), 10 July 2 016 (6.3 and 6.5 magnitude) and 19 December 2016 (5.7 magnitude) combined with the challenges during the rainy season, aggravated the situation in earthquake-affected areas and demanded the ERC’s response to new humanitarian needs.