The earthquake registering 7.8 on the Richter Scale that shook the northern coast of Ecuador on April 16 caused considerable loss of human life and material damage in the provinces of Manabi and Esmeraldas. In addition to the 671 deaths and 9 disappearances, it is estimated that some 218,000 individuals were affected. The number of houses destroyed and affected is approximately 16,185. This has caused 16,663 people to become either displaced or to live in temporary shelters.
The UNDP immediately supported the Ministry of Urban Development and Housing (MIDUVI) in the rapid assessment of damage with the aim of determining the risks to affected structures.
The UNDP carried out two demolition and removal of rubble programs in rural areas of the community of Las Gilces and in the parish of Riochico, in Portoviejo County.
Through participatory community processes that define priorities, the UNDP is supporting the impact assessment and repair of structures damaged by the earthquake that are key to reactivate the local economy. With this goal, the UNDP, along with local governments, parish councils and communities, repair tourist lodging and restaurants in the affected area along the coast. Additionally, in a joint effort with the Prefecture of Manabi and Esmeraldas, other community production infrastructure has been identified that will soon be rehabilitated.