Climate risk country profile: Ecuador

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This paper assesses a climate risk country profile for Ecuador. With its wide range of climate zones, Ecuador has an extraordinary array of geographical systems, which range from high altitude glaciers to tropical rain forests in the Amazon upper tributaries to dry tropical forest on the Pacific Coast, as well as an insular outpost in the Pacific with the Galapagos Islands. Many of Ecuador’s systems are highly vulnerable and already have shown great sensitivity to climate variability and long-term change. Ecuador’s ecosystems provide a range of environmental services that are critical to rural livelihoods and urban welfare. As these systems come under pressure from altered climate patters as well as other direct and indirect factors (i.e., deforestation, agricultural and livestock practices), it is likely they will deteriorate due and the quality of environmental goods and services will also decrease.

The recommendations the paper concludes with include:

  • **Research gaps: **Improve the coverage and the spatial and temporal resolution of climate projections, risks, and vulnerability analyses;
  • Data and information gaps: Design measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) mechanisms for the National Adaption Process and related adaptation actions
  • **Institutional gaps: **Strengthen institutional capacities to facilitate the management of climate risks