WFP Djibouti Country Brief, February 2017

from World Food Programme
Published on 28 Feb 2017


  • WFP’s ability to maintain assistance to newly arrived Ethiopian asylums seekers, existing refugees and the vulnerable local populations in drought-affected and urban areas continues to be undermined by limited funding.

Operational Updates

  • Djibouti is currently hosting 21,119 refugees from Somalia, Yemen, Eritrea and Ethiopia. According to UNHCR and ONARS, a total of 6,063 Ethiopian asylum seekers have arrived in Djibouti in the last five months. WFP continues to provide food assistance to all registered refugees and asylum seekers living in Ali Addeh, Holl Holl and Markazi camps, in the form of general distributions, nutrition interventions and take home rations for school girls to encourage school attendance. The general distributions include a cash component to diversify refugees’ diet, increase their purchase power and boost the local markets.

  • WFP provides food assistance to the rural and urban food insecure households affected by drought in the form of general rations. In addition, WFP supports asset creation activities as part of building the resilience of affected communities. Nutrition interventions are ongoing for the prevention and treatment of moderate acute malnutrition and for people living with HIV/AIDS and those on TB treatment.

  • In February 2016, WFP provided food assistance to a total of 65,735 people under the PRRO, among them refugees and asylum seekers and vulnerable local households in the rural and urban areas, while a total of 16,322 school children received school meals under the Development Operation.

  • According to FEWSNET, the cumulative performance of Xays/Daada rains (October to February) was slightly below-average, but together with favourable 2016 Karan/Karma rains (July to September), has contributed to marked improvements of livestock ownership, improved household incomes and food and milk access across Djibouti, except in Dikhil region. As a result, the majority of poor households are expected to remain ‘stressed’ (Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) Phase 2) through May 2017, ahead of the lean season.

  • The PRRO has been facing funding shortfalls. WFP has been prioritizing general distributions and nutrition interventions for refugees, in order to stretch available resources. Djibouti continues to receive Ethiopian asylum seekers from the Oromia region, stretching the resources very thin. Given the continued arrival of asylum seekers in the camps and the deteriorating food security situation affecting host populations in Djibouti, it is important to maintain adequate funding levels for both in-kind and cash-based transfers to be able to respond to increased needs.


  • WFP in collaboration with AHA, NRC, ONARS, and UNHCR will pilot an inter-agency complaints and feedback mechanism in the three refugee camps. The complaints and feedback mechanism is expected to improve transparency, accountability, and facilitate a two-way stream of communication between refugees and WFP and its partners, who are actively involved in food-related activities.