The State of the World's Children 2000 - Horn of Africa Digest

Report
from UNDP Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia
Published on 06 Mar 2000


A summary of the basic economic and social statistics for the Horn of Africa countries (Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda) with particular reference to the well-being of children.
Compiled from the original UNICEF publication. March 2000

Table 1: Basic indicators


Under-5 mortality rate
Infant mortality rate (under 1)
Total population (thousands) 1998
Annual no.of births (thousands)
1998
Annual no.of under-5 deaths (thousands) 1998
GNP per capita (US$) 1997
Life expectancy at birth (years) 1998
Total adult literacy rate
1995
Primary school enrolment ratio (gross) 1990-96
% share of household income 1990-96
lowest
40%
highest 20%
1960
1998
1960
1998
Djibouti
289
156
186
111
623
23
4
b
51
46
38
_
_
Eritrea
250
112
170
70
3,577
144
16
230
51
_
54
_
_
Ethiopia
280
173
175
110
59,649
2,652
459
110
43
33
37
21x
41x
Kenya
205
117
122
75
29,008
987
115
340
52
77
85
10
62
Somalia
294
211
175
125
9,237
484
102
110x
47
24x
11x
_
_
Sudan
210
115
125
73
28,292
932
107
290
55
51
53
_
_
Uganda
224
134
133
84
20,554
1,054
141
330
40
62
73
17
48

Note:

X I ndicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
* Data not available
- Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Table 2: Nutrition

% of infants with low birthweight 1990-97*
% of children [1990-99*) who are:
% of under-fives (1990-98*) suffering from:
Vitamin A spplementation coverage rate (6-59 months) 1998
% of households consuming iodized salt 1992-98*
exclusively breastfed (0-3 months)
breastfed with complimentary food (6-9 months)
still breastfeeding (20-23 months)
underweight
wasting stunting
moderate & severe severe moderate & severe moderate & severe
Djiboui
11
_
_
_
18
6
13
26
41
_
Eritrea
13
66
45
60
44
17
16
38
86
80
Ethiopia
16
74
_
35
48
16
8
64
83
0
Kenya
16
17
94
54
22
5
6
33
10
100
Somalia
16
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
90
_
Sudan
15
14x
45x
44x
34
11
13
33
80
0
Uganda
13
70
64
40
26
7
5
38
95
69
Note:

- Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
- Data not available
* Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Table 3: Health


% of population with access to safe water 1990-98*
% of population with access to adequate sanitation 1990-98*
% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 1995-98*
% fully immunized 1995-98*
ORT
1-year old children
pregnant women tetanus
use rate (%)
total
urban
rural
total
urban
rural
total
TB
DPT
polio
measles
1990-98*
Djibouti
90
77
100
55
64
24
_
35
23
23
21
16
_
Eritrea
22
60
8
13
48
_
0
71
60
60
52
34
38
Ethiopia
25
91
19
19
97
7
15
74
58
57
46
30
95x
Kenya
44
87
30
85
96
81
3
94
76
78
71
51
69
Somalia
31
46
28
43
69
35
0
57
24
24
47
41
_
Sudan
73
_
_
51
_
_
10
81
72
69
63
55
31
Uganda
46
77
41
57
75
55
50
69
46
47
30
38
49
Note:

X Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
_ Data not available
* Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Table 4: Education


Adult literacy rate
No. of sets per 1000 population 1996
Primary school enrolment ratio
Net primary school attendance (%) 1990-98*
% of primary school entrants reaching grade 5 1990-95*
Secondary school enrolment ratio 1990-96* gross)
1980
1995
1990-97* (gross)
1990-96* (net)
male
female
male
female
radio
television
male
female
male
female
male
female
male
female
Djibouti
45
18
60
33
81
44
44
32
36
27
73x
62x
82
17
12
Eritrea
_
_
_
_
101
0
59
49
32
29
39x
35x
70
24
17
Ethiopia
28
11
40
26
194
5
47
27
28
19
_
_
55
13
10
Kenya
71
43
86
69
108
25
85
85
92x
89x
86x
85x
68
26
22
Somalia
8x
1x
36x
14x
46
13
15x
8x
11x
6x
21x
13x
_
9x
5x
Sudan
48
18
63
38
270
84
57
48
_
_
59x
52x
94
21
19
Uganda
60
31
74
50
123
15
79
67
58x
51x
65x
63x
55
15
9
Notes:

x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

_ Data not available

* Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Table 5: Demographic indicators

(<br>]
Population (thousands) 1998
Population annual growth rate (%)
Crude death rate
Crude birth rate
Life expectancy
Total fertility rate 1998
% of population urbanized 1998
Average annual growth rate of urban population (%)
under 18
under 5
1970-90
1990-98
1970
1998
1970
1998
1970
1998
1970-90
1990-98
Djibouti
298
97
6.3
2.3
24
15
48
37
40
51
5.3
82
7.5
2.6
Eritrea
1,814
616
2.3
2.7
21
14
47
40
43
51
5.7
17
4.2
3.6
Ethiopia
31,275
10,815
2.6
2.7
24
20
50
44
40
43
6.3
16
4.4
5.2
Kenya
15,025
4,435
3.6
2.6
18
12
53
34
50
52
4.4
30
8
5.4
Somalia
5,024
1,847
3.8
2.2
24
18
50
52
40
47
7.2
26
4.8
3
Sudan
13,456
4,095
2.8
2
21
11
47
33
43
55
4.6
33
5.4
4.3
Uganda
11,668
4,215
2.6
2.8
18
21
49
51
46
40
7.1
13
4.2
5
Note:

X Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
_ Data not available
* Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Table 6: Economic indicators

(<br>]
GNP per capita (US$) 1997
GNP per capita average annual growth rate (%)
Annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-97*
% of population below $ 1 a day 1990-96*
% of central government expenditure allocated to (1992-98*)
ODA inflow in millions US$ 1997
ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNP 1997
Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services
1965-80*
1990-97*
health
education
defence
1970
1997
Djibouti
b
_
_
5
_
_
_
_
87
_
_
3
Eritrea
230
_
2.9
13
_
_
_
_
123
15
_
0
Ethiopia
110
0.4
2.2
9
46x
5
14
9
637
10
11
9
Kenya
340
3.1
-0.3
16
50
6
20
6
457
5
6
18
Somalia
110x
-0.1
-2.3x
75x
_
1x
2x
38x
104
10
2
25x
Sudan
290
0.8
3.7
82
_
_
_
_
187
2
11
0
Uganda
330
-2.2
4.4
18
69
2x
15x
26x
840
12
3
15

Note:

X Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
_ Data not available
* Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Table 7: Women

(<br>]
Life expectancy females as a % of males
Adult literacy rate females as a % of males
Enrolment ratios females as a % of males 1990-97*
Contraceptive prevalence (%)
% of pregnant women immunized against tetanus
% of births attended by trained health personnel
Maternal mortality ratio reported
1998
1995
primary school
secondary school
1990-99*
1995-98*
1990-99*
1980-98*
Djibouti
106
54
73
71
_
16
79x
_
Eritrea
108
_
83
71
8
34
21
1,000
Ethiopia
105
66
57
77
4
30
8
_
Kenya
104
81
100
85
39
51
44
590
Somalia
107
39x
53x
56x
1x
41
2x
_
Sudan
106
60
84
90
8
55
69
550
Uganda
105
68
85
60
15
38
38
510
Note:

X Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
_ Data not available
* Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Table 8: The rate of progress

(<br>]
Under-5 mortality rate
Average annual rate of reduction (%)required
GNP per capita average annual growth rate (%)
Total fertility
rate
Average annual rate of reduction (%)
1960
1990
1998
1960-90
1990-98
1998-2000
1965-80
1990-97
1960
1990
1998
1960-90
1990-98
Djibouti
289
164
156
1.9
0.6
40.1
_
_
7
6
5.3
0.5
1.6
Eritrea
250
160
112
1.5
4.5
23.5
_
2.9
6.9
6.2
5.7
0.4
1.1
Ethiopia
280
190
173
1.3
1.2
45.2
0.4
2.2
6.9
6.8
6.3
0
1
Kenya
205
97
117
2.5
-2.3
29.6
3.1
-0.3
8
6.1
4.4
0.9
4.1
Somalia
294
215
211
1
0.2
55.2
-0.1
-2.3x
7.3
7.3
7.2
0
0.2
Sudan
210
125
115
1.7
1
24.8
0.8
3.7
6.7
5.2
4.6
0.8
1.5
Uganda
224
165
134
1
2.6
32.5
-2.2
4.4
6.9
7.1
7.1
-0.1
0
Note:

X Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
_ Data not available
* Data refer to the most recent year available dring the period specified in the column heading.

Prepared by UN-EUE - March 2000